Wilfrid Wilson Gibson

Wilfrid Wilson Gibson


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Wilfrid Wilson Gibson nasceu em Hexham em 2 de outubro de 1878. Gibson era um amigo próximo de Rupert Brooke. Sua primeira poesia publicada foi Amantes da montanha (1902) e teve vários poemas incluídos em vários volumes de Poesia georgiana. Sua primeira peça, Daily Bread, foi produzida em 1910.

Gibson ingressou no Exército Britânico, mas permaneceu na Inglaterra. Ao contrário da maioria dos outros poetas que eram oficiais, Gibson escreveu poesia do ponto de vista do soldado comum.

Após a Primeira Guerra Mundial, Gibson continuou a escrever poesia e peças de teatro. O trabalho de Gibson preocupava-se particularmente com a pobreza dos trabalhadores industriais e dos trabalhadores das aldeias. Ele publicou vários volumes de poesia, incluindo Poemas coletados: 1905-1925 (1926), The Island Stag (1947) e Dentro de Quatro Paredes (1950).

Wilfrid Wilson Gibson morreu em 26 de maio de 1962.

Comemos nosso café da manhã deitados de costas

Porque as bombas estavam gritando em cima.

Aposto uma fatia de pão

Que o Hull United venceria Halifax

Quando Jimmy Stainthorpe jogou lateralmente

De Billy Bradford. Ginger levantou a cabeça

E amaldiçoou e aceitou a aposta e caiu morto de volta.

Comemos nosso café da manhã deitados de costas

Porque as conchas estavam se esticando no alto.

Na lama até o pescoço,

Ele cortou e delirou -

Aquele que enfrentou o campo de sangue -

E como um rapaz

Acabado de sair da escola

Gritou - Dia da Mentira!

E riu como um louco.

Nós que ficamos, como vamos olhar de novo

Alegremente ao sol ou sinta a chuva

Sem lembrar como eles que foram

Sem rancor e gasto

Suas vidas por nós amavam, também, o sol e a chuva?

Um pássaro entre os lilases molhados pela chuva canta -

Mas nós, como devemos nos voltar para as pequenas coisas

E ouça os pássaros e ventos e riachos

Tornado sagrado por seus sonhos,

Nem sente o coração partido no coração das coisas?


Wilfrid Wilson Gibson - História

["Em julho de 1690, William Gibson, um líder de um clã, estava com o rei Guilherme III da Inglaterra durante a Batalha de Boyne na Irlanda, contra Jaime 2º, o destronado rei da Inglaterra. Sua bravura na batalha causou o rei Guilherme, conhecido como Guilherme de Orange, para torná-lo lorde. Guilherme de Orange também lhe deu um castelo e uma concessão em Yorkshire, na Inglaterra. Ele adotou o nome de Lord Durie, o título que seus descendentes mantêm até hoje. " William "Lord Durie", era neto de William nascido em 1576.] (Uma referência excelente é "The Scottish Nation, A Biographical History of the People of Scotland", de William Anderson, impresso em Londres em 1877: páginas Gibson.)

A seguinte árvore de ancestrais é baseada em informações de 2008 de Thomas Knowlton Gibson e seu site http://gibson.mayflowerman.com (ou em 2015 http://www.shohola.com/knowlton). Como Thomas Gibson pesquisa intensamente esta árvore genealógica, as informações abaixo podem estar desatualizadas e seu site pode refletir informações atualizadas / corrigidas. É importante notar que existem duas ancestrais possíveis para John Gibson da Filadélfia na década de 1690 - este Boston-escocês e um da Pensilvânia-Inglês (veja abaixo na nota de rodapé).

Lord Thomas Gibson (1469-1515) nasceu em Goldingstones, County Fife, Escócia, segundo filho de André (ref.) e licenciado como Primeiro Barão pelo Rei Jaime IV. Casado com Lady Mary (1471-1551). Ele foi um Barão Livre sob Carta do Rei James IV da Escócia e nomeado Secretário da Sessão (ref.) Do Parlamento da Escócia.
1. George Gibson (1491-1538) foi eleito Segundo Barão e Escriturário da Sessão (ref.) do Parlamento da Escócia após a morte de seu pai.
2. William Gibson (1495-7 / 7/1542) Lord William foi Vigário de Garvock, Reitor de Inverarity, Decano de Restalrig, Lord of Session e Embaixador Escocês junto ao Papa em Roma.
3. Andrew Gibson (1498-1567) casou-se em 1517, criou dois filhos e pelo menos duas filhas. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
4. Thomas Gibson (1503-1562) casou-se em 1521, criou dois filhos e três filhas. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
5/6. e pelo menos duas filhas [Infelizmente, muito pouco é registrado sobre o lado feminino de nossos primeiros ancestrais Gibson.]
"A vida do Embaixador, Lord William Gibson foi registrada em uma carta de Sir John Moubray, de Barnbougle, cavaleiro, em favor de seu filho, William de Moubray, em 1511." A vida de Lord Thomas foi o início de uma era bem documentada de baronato, cavalaria, heráldica, aristocracia, nobreza e outra nobreza designada. Nossos ancestrais Gibson descendem de Kenneth I MacAlpin, Eochaid Rei dos pictos, os Altos Reis da Irlanda e nove séculos de famílias reais escocesas. [À medida que mais registros ancestrais do velho mundo são colocados on-line, agora temos acesso a registros que eram muito difíceis e caros de obter apenas alguns anos atrás. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)]

Lord George Gibson I (1491-1538), primeiro filho de Thomas, foi licenciado como Segundo Barão e Senhor da Sessão do Parlamento da Escócia após a morte de seu pai. Ele foi um Barão Livre sob a Carta do Rei Jaime V da Escócia e criou três filhos e duas filhas. Casou-se com Lady Elizabeth (1495-?), Registrado como descendente de Cin & aacuteed mac Ailp n, no reinado moderno listado como Kenneth I, Rei dos pictos e primeiro rei dos escoceses.
1. Mary Gibson (1514-?) - descendência desconhecida (com a maioria das filhas chamadas Mary, Elizabeth, Jean ou Margaret, era obviamente muito confuso para os genealogistas do final do século 19).
2. George Gibson (1517-1590) Lord George era o herdeiro do Barony, a propriedade da família e fortuna registrada em mais de 8200 libras escocesas. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
3. Elizabeth Gibson (1521-?) (Nota: é provável que George tenha mais filhas que não foram registradas.)
4. William Gibson (1525-?) Casou-se em 1554 e criou pelo menos três filhos e duas filhas. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
5. Thomas Gibson (1528-?) Casou-se em 1547 e criou pelo menos dois filhos e duas filhas. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
[Com tantos Gibsons com o mesmo nome, não é de se admirar que os primeiros genealogistas ficaram confusos. Alguns escolheriam os ancestrais da família mais nobres para impressionar seus clientes e justificar seu pagamento.]

Lord George Gibson II (1517-1590) Segundo filho de George, ele foi licenciado como Terceiro Barão, Juiz do Condado, e George era um Barão Livre sob a Carta de Mary I, Rainha dos Escoceses. (ref.) (ref.) Casou-se com Lady Mary Cranston em 1542, filha de Lord Alexander Cranston de Roxburgh, um descendente de Thomas de Cranstoun, Lord Provost de Edimburgo em 1425, 1438 e 1449.
1. Thomas Gibson (1543-1521) casou-se em 1564 e foi criado com cinco filhos. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) Três netos foram os primeiros colonizadores em Jamestown, VA com muitos descendentes. (Ref.)
2. George Gibson (1545-1644) Lord George, casado em 1565, criou seis filhos e três filhas, viveu uma vida longa e foi o herdeiro do Baronato e da propriedade da família. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
3. William b. 1548 - 1596 O bispo católico Guilherme, o Mártir, foi enforcado, sorteado e esquartejado em York, em 29 de novembro de 1596, com os companheiros mártires William Knight e George Errington.4/5./6.+ e pelo menos três filhas
[Muitos dos primeiros Gibsons eram católicos devotos até a Reforma Protestante iniciada por Martinho Lutero, João Calvino e na Escócia por John Knox por volta de 1660. Aqui está um site excelente dos Gibsons do velho mundo preparado pelo Rev. Dr. Gary Stewart Gibson de Devon, Reino Unido , e seu pai, John Robert Gibson (1896-1991).]

Lord George Gibson III (1545-1644), segundo filho de George II, licenciado Quarto Barão, Lord of Session do Parlamento e Juiz do Supremo Tribunal da Escócia. Jorge foi um Barão Livre sob Carta do Rei Jaime VI da Escócia e do Rei Carlos I. (ref.) (Ref.) (Ref.) (Ref.) (Ref.) Casou-se com Lady Mary Elizabeth Airth Casado em 1565, Mary nasceu no castelo Stirling em 1549 da antiga e nobre família escocesa de Airth. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
1. John Gibson (1566-?) Foi Sir John Gibson de Pentland, Lord Baronet, que continuou a linha da família e se casou com Jean Hay, de nascimento nobre e ascendência real. (ref.)
2. Jean Gibson (

1568-?) - descendência desconhecida (Infelizmente, muito pouca informação foi registrada das Damas Gibson. Jean é provavelmente Jean Hay que se casou com Sir John Hay.) (Ref.) (Ref.)
3. Elizabeth Gibson (

1569 Não consegui encontrar nenhuma informação sobre Elizabeth e Mary, as filhas de George Gibson III. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)
4. Alexander Gibson (1571-1644), Primeiro Lorde Durie, Primeiro Lorde Baronete e Lorde Escriturário Register m. Lady Margaret Craig, filha de Sir Thomas Craig, Lorde Advogado e Juiz.
5. George Gibson IV (1574-1641) foi Lord George IV de Balhouffie, um Barão Livre, que teve um filho, neto e bisneto chamado George, todos barões ricos.
6. William Gibson (1576-1658), um Barão Livre, foi Lord of Session e teve um filho John, b. 1606 que fugiu para Galway, Irlanda em 1640, e é registrado por alguns como Sir John Sr. abaixo.
7. Archibald Gibson (1578 -1647) criou seis filhos com muitos descendentes na Escócia, Inglaterra, Canadá e nas colônias britânicas (ref.) (Ref.), Incluindo o comerciante James Gibson.
8. Thomas Gibson (1580 -1650) Muitos Gibsons coloniais descendiam do filho de Thomas, James Thomas, que era b. 1607. Seu filho Edmund nasceu em 1633 e se casou com Jane Langhorn.
9. Mary Gibson (

1581-?) - descendência desconhecida
Bisnetos eram, Lord Edmund Gibson b. 1669, Bispo de Londres de 1723 a 1748, e Jonathan, nascido em 1660, casou-se com Mary Catlett em 1710 e emigrou para a Virgínia em 1696. Seu filho, Jonathan Catlett, casou-se com Elizabeth Thornton e foi o primeiro de cinco gerações de Jonathan Catlett Gibsons . Os descendentes de Jonathan e Maria foram ancestrais de muitos famosos da Virgínia, incluindo Geo. Washington por meio de sua mãe Mary Ball Washington. Um famoso descendente de Alexander é Sir Alexander Gibson 1926-1995, regente da Royal Scottish National Orchestra e fundador da Scottish Opera. Descendentes famosos de William são James Gibson-Craig com seu filho William Gibson-Craig, ambos tendo servido em altos cargos no Parlamento Escocês. Um descendente de Thomas é Thomas Milner Gibson, 1806-1884, um membro do Parlamento britânico. Muitos Gibson canadenses também descendem deste ramo.

[Muitos dos primeiros Gibsons como seguidores leais de John Knox, desempenharam um papel significativo na Reforma Protestante na Escócia, no estabelecimento da Igreja da Escócia e na Igreja Presbiteriana em todo o mundo, especialmente após 1560.] (ref.) [Muitos dos primeiros membros da família Gibson emigrou para as colônias no início de 1600 "Grande Migração", pouco antes e durante a Guerra Civil Inglesa, escapando da agitação civil (especialmente em relação à Landed Gentry and Nobility), durante o reinado do rei Carlos I, e depois do Senhor Protetor, Oliver Cromwell.] [Há uma antiga cantiga escocesa intitulada "Lord George Knows My Father, Father Knows Lord George", em uma referência cômica aos sete Lord George Gibsons.] [Um descendente de Alexander é Edward Gibson, licenciado 1º Barão Ashbourne, Conselho da Rainha eleito Membro Conservador do Parlamento pela Universidade de Dublin e Lord Chancellor da Irlanda.] Muitos Gibsons serviram no Parlamento da Escócia até que os Atos de União formaram o Reino da Grã-Bretanha ain em 1707. Seus descendentes serviram no Parlamento da Grã-Bretanha, que se sentou em Westminster, em Londres, de 1707 até 1999. Dois descendentes, Kenneth Gibson e Robert Gibson, continuam servindo hoje no novo Parlamento escocês formado em 1999.

Lord Alexander Gibson (1571-1644) Segundo filho de George, alugado Quinto Barão, Primeiro Lorde Durie em 1621, Primeiro Lorde Baronete em 1628 e Lorde Escriturário Register. Ele se casou com Lady Margaret Craig (1575-?) A filha de Lord Thomas Craig de Riccarton, (1538-?), Lord Advocate e primeiro Chanceler da Universidade de Edimburgo. Lord Thomas foi um advogado eminente, Membro do Parlamento e Juiz do Supremo Tribunal da Escócia, sob o rei Carlos II.
1. Alexander II Gibson (1598-6 / 1656) Cavaleiro em 1621, foi nomeado secretário da sessão em 1628, secretário do Parlamento em 1632, segundo lorde baronete e lorde da sessão em 1646.
2. John Gibson I (1601-1694), um comerciante de navios de sucesso e herdeiro da fortuna da família, deixou a maior parte dela para trás quando ele e Rebecca emigraram para Cambridge, em Massachusetts.
3. George Gibson (1604-1669) serviu como Senhor do Parlamento e, por fim, recebeu a maior parte da fortuna da família e o Baronato, depois os passou para seus muitos descendentes. (ref.).
4. Elizabeth Gibson (

1610-?)
7. Jean Gibson (1613-1676) casou-se com George Preston 1612-1659 de Craigmillar, Escócia, eles foram o oitavo bisavô do animador e produtor de cinema Walt Disney.
O filho de Alexandre II, João II, Terceiro Lorde Baronete, sentou-se no último Parlamento da Escócia e no primeiro Parlamento Escocês de Carlos II. O filho de João II, Alexandre III, Quarto Lorde Baronete, morreu sem problemas ao passar o Baronato para seu tio Jorge. (Ref.) (Ref.) (Ref.) (Ref.) (Ref.) Se João tivesse permanecido na Escócia, ele iria receberam o Baronato e a maior parte da fortuna da família. (ref.) (ref.) (ref.) (ref.)

Sir John Gibson (1601 Escócia-1694 Massachusetts) - O imigrante, ref p. 388, um comerciante de "pensamento livre", ele fugiu da Escócia em 1631, abandonando uma fortuna familiar significativa. (ver referências). John, um dos primeiros "presbiterianos intransigentes" como seus irmãos, emigrou para Newetowne em 1631, que se tornou Cambridge em 1638. Ele se casou com (1) Lady Rebecca Thompson (1613-1661) em 1634, filha do conhecido nobre escocês Lord William Thompson (1580-1671) chegou em 1633, e (2) Joanna Prentice em 1662. Depois de fazer falsas acusações de bruxaria, a família passou por graves problemas financeiros, legais, médicos, religiosos e emocionais que culminaram com a filha Rebecca sendo acusada de bruxaria. Em 1656, eles foram censurados, excomungados e banidos para Roxbury. (ref.) Rebecca Thompson Gibson morreu pouco depois que sua filha foi banida e foi enterrada no cemitério Old Roxbury Hill em 1 de dezembro de 1661. John então se casou com Joanna Prentice, viúva de Henry Prentice, em 24 de julho de 1662 depois que sua família passou por experiências semelhantes problemas familiares. Obviamente e um período extremamente estressante para ela e toda a família, a filha Rebecca e Charles se mudaram para Watertown, Massachusetts.
1. Rebecca Gibson (1635-1681) casou-se com Charles Stearns de Watertown, Mass. Em 22 de junho de 1654 e criou seis filhos. Aos 41 anos, ele serviu como oficial na guerra do rei Filipe.
2. Mary Gibson (29 de março de 1637-?) Casou-se com John Ruggles de Roxbury, Massachusetts, em 3 de abril de 1655, filho de John e Barbara Ruggles e criou quatro filhos.
3. Martha Gibson (29 de abril de 1639-?) Casou-se com Jacob Newell de Roxbury, Massachusetts, em 3 de novembro de 1657
4. John Gibson Jr. (1641-10 / 15/1679) casou-se com Rebecca Errington em 9 de dezembro de 1668, filha de Abraham Errington e Rebecca Cutler de Cambridge. Ele foi um soldado na Guerra do Rei Philip.
5. Samuel Gibson (28/10/1644-3/201709) casou-se com Sarah Pemberton em 30 de outubro de 1668, que morreu ao dar à luz seu primeiro filho. Ele então se casou com a Sra. Elizabeth (Remington) Steadman em 14 de junho de 1679, após a morte de seu marido John. Sam foi um soldado na Guerra do Rei Philip, criou cinco filhos e passou por alguns problemas legais. [Era muito incomum ter informações ancestrais negativas publicadas. O leitor teria que "ler nas entrelinhas" para descobrir o que realmente ocorreu. O genealogista Frederick Clifton Pierce Esq, educadamente discutiu a bruxaria, quando em 1883 publicou "The Gibson Family of Cambridge", citada na página 388. "Devido ao fiasco da bruxaria de Rebecca Gibson," certamente nenhum homem elegível, viúvo ou solteiro, consideraria cunhada Rebecca (Errington) Gibson como esposa ".]

John Gibson Jr. (1641-1679) nasceu em Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, o filho mais velho e o quarto filho. John, um oficial inexperiente, foi "encorajado" por seu avô, o capitão Thomas Prentice, a ajudá-lo a lutar na guerra do rei Filipe. Casou-se com Rebecca Errington (1643-12 / 4/1713) em 09/12/1668, filha de Abraham Errington e Rebecca Cutler, descendentes do pai do Mártir Católico, Bispo George Errington. Rebecca passou por "dificuldades financeiras" e recebeu uma pequena ajuda financeira da igreja, após a morte de João em 1679. Ela lutou para criar sua jovem família sozinha e em 1680 foi identificada pelos anciãos da igreja como uma "mãe inadequada". (ref.) Após uma breve sessão no tribunal, seus filhos foram tirados dela e colocados em "famílias eclesiásticas adequadas". Rebecca foi então "exposta pelo seletor às famílias do país", obviamente um momento extremamente difícil para ela, sem nenhum registro de sua morte.
1. Rebecca Gibson (4 de outubro de 1669-1788) foi uma "criança problemática", nunca se casou e morreu jovem. (ref.) Existem omissões óbvias neste texto higienizado de Mehitable Wilson de 1900.
2. Martha Gibson (14 de agosto de 1671-1733) casou-se com (1) Reben Lilly de Concord e (2) Joseph Knight de Woburn, Massachusetts 1673-1732. (ref.)
3. Mary Gibson (1673-1732) foi criada com a família de Stephen Gates de Stow Massachusetts e se casou com seu filho Nathaniel Gates (1675-1731) em 17 de outubro de 1700. (ref.)
4. John Gibson III (1676-1751). Parece que o jovem John, obviamente inteligente e bem educado, tinha uma visão diferente da vida e estava aparentemente muito infeliz com sua vida em Cambridge. "Sob uma má influência, ele foi excomungado por suas opiniões radicais". Este não era um bom momento para ser um quaker nas colônias da baía de Massachusetts. Incidentes semelhantes alguns anos antes resultaram em uma execução rápida. Os presbíteros da igreja então tentaram apagar todo e qualquer registro de sua existência.
5. Timothy Gibson (1679-7 / 14/1757) cresceu com a família de Stephen Gates de Stow Massachusetts. Ele foi bem educado, tornou-se diácono da igreja e se casou com a filha Rebecca Gates. O filho de Timothy, o Capitão Timothy Gibson II, e o neto, o Capitão Timothy Gibson III, lutaram orgulhosamente na revolução com honra e distinção. Os descendentes de Timóteo incluem o navio mercante Capitão Nehemiah Gibson, o comerciante de Boston Charles Gibson e o artista Charles Dana Gibson de Gibson Girl. (Descendentes vivos bem conhecidos de Timothy são o artista William Gibson, o escritor e estrela de Jeopardy Hutton Gibson, e seus filhos famosos, os atores Donal e Mel Gibson. [Produtor e diretor de Hollywood, Mel Gibson conhece muito bem a história de nossa família.] [Obviamente , alguns dos membros da família Gibson eram muito independentes em seu pensamento e NÃO eram membros ativos da comunidade de Cambridge ou da igreja estabelecida.] [Ao contrário da crença popular, as colônias da baía de Massachusetts NÃO foram fundadas com base na liberdade religiosa, alguns anos antes, muitos quacres foram executados por sua crença.] [Eu (TKG 2008) tenho procurado por mais de trinta anos por informações sobre os Quakers "Halsall" "Halsell" ou "Hulsell". Quem era este grupo que existiu cerca de 350 anos atrás?]

John Gibson III (1676-1751 Filadélfia, PA), PODE SER (ver notas abaixo) quarto filho e filho mais velho de John Jr., ele foi um dos primeiros residentes da Filadélfia colonial e amigo da família de William Penn. Casou-se com Anne St. Clair (1677-1748) em 1699, irmã do antigo colono da Pensilvânia William St. Clair, avô do General do Exército Continental Arthur St. Clair. Arthur St. Clair era o presidente dos Estados Unidos no Congresso reunido quando a Constituição dos Estados Unidos foi promulgada. John defendeu a causa dos Quakers Halsall e com o antagonismo da comunidade em relação à sua religião, partiu da área hostil da Bay Colony quando jovem, chegando na amigável cidade Quaker de Filadélfia, em algum momento entre 1690 e 1693, e provavelmente contratado. Um dos primeiros professores e administrador da Friends Select School na Filadélfia, ele foi chamado pelo procurador-geral David Lloyd em 1696 para ajudar a estruturar a Carta de Privilégios (especialmente seus escritos sobre liberdade religiosa na seção um), a primeira Constituição da Pensilvânia. Permaneceu em vigor até 1777 com alguns de seus escritos aparecendo na Constituição dos Estados Unidos, escrita em 1786, e ainda em uso hoje.
1. John Gibson IV (1700-1700) - morreu na infância
2. Robert Gibson (1702 Filadélfia, PA-1756 Cumberland, PA)
3. George Gibson Sênior (1704-1761), com seus filhos famosos General John Gibson e Coronel George Gibson, foram os primeiros colonos e fundadores de Lancaster, no Condado de Lancaster, PA. - [entretanto, a maioria das genealogias lista este "Lancaster" George como sendo um "escocês-irlandês" nascido em Stewartstown, Ulster, Irlanda em 1704, casado com Martha Deviney - e não pertencente à árvore acima. Filhos: Mary (1734-?) Casou-se com Mattias Clough, Thomas (1737-?), John (5/23/1740 Lancaster, PA-1782 Lancaster, PA) casou-se com Anna Ball, Frances (1742-?), Jean (1745- ?), George (10/10/1747 Lancaster, PA-1/4/1791 Lancaster, PA) casou-se com Ann West e Ann (1749-?). note-esta Ann é muito velha para ter se casado com Jesse Britton, que nasceu em 1759.]
4. Rebecca Gibson (1707-1776) - descendência desconhecida - talvez se casou com um quaker e ficou na Filadélfia.
5. Moses Gibson (1710 Filadélfia, PA-1764 Loudon, VA) permaneceu um Quaker, mudou-se para a Virgínia, tornou-se um plantador e comerciante de tabaco de sucesso e construiu uma bela casa de fazenda chamada "Valley View". Casou-se com Elsie Janney de Bucks, PA por volta de 1734, a família Janney tinha fortes laços Quaker. Filhos: Isaac, Joseph, James, John, Thomas, Moses, Rebecca, Anne. Anne nasceu

1753 e se casou com um desconhecido Smith - ela não é a Anne Gibson que se casou com Jesse Britton. [Thomas Knowlton Gibson é descendente de Moisés, então: Isaac-Moses-Minor-Isaac-Muscoe-Joseph-Thomas-Thomas - veja seu site]
6. Mary Gibson (1712-1783) casou-se e mudou-se para o oeste, provavelmente para a Virgínia Ocidental ou Kentucky.
7. Anne Gibson (1715-1736) casou-se com John Frame em 1735 e morreu durante o nascimento de seu primeiro filho. John se casou novamente pouco depois.
8. William Gibson (1717-1771) se casou, mudou-se para o oeste da Pensilvânia e criou uma grande família com muitos descendentes que se estabeleceram em Ohio, Kentucky e Indiana. O famoso dramaturgo vencedor do Tony Award William Gibson, escritor de The Miracle Worker, a história da educação de Helen Keller, era descendente de William.
Muitos dos filhos e netos de John Gibson III chamaram um filho de John, James, George ou William que serviu no Exército colonial ou Continental. Major General John Gibson (nascido em 23 de maio de 1740), Ref. p. 481, foi um comandante e governador do Território de Indiana de 1800 a 1816. Coronel George Gibson b.10 outubro de 1747, foi um Comandante do Exército Colonial e liderou o famoso Gibson's Lambs of Lancaster, PA. Mais tarde, ele serviu com seu tio, o general Arthur St. Clair e foi morto na desastrosa Batalha de Wabash ou na derrota de St. Clair. George era o pai do Honorável John Bannister Gibson, um chefe de justiça altamente respeitado da Suprema Corte da Pensilvânia. Ele também era o pai do soldado George Gibson, um membro importante da expedição de Lewis e Clark. O neto Isaac foi oficial da Brigada Colonial Prince William Co., e o bisneto James Gibson foi coronel na Guerra de 1812. Outro neto, John Gibson, filho de William, foi um dos primeiros prefeitos colonial da Filadélfia em 5 de dezembro, 1772, a 21 de maio de 1773. Outros descendentes se tornaram fundadores de York, Pensilvânia, a oeste de Lancaster, com dois mandatos como prefeito da cidade de York.
Nota: os ancestrais dessas crianças não são confirmados. Existe outra ancestralidade possível para Robert e Moses - veja a nota de rodapé abaixo - assim como outra ancestralidade mencionada acima para George. Observe também que a pesquisa de Thomas Knowlton Gibson não se aprofunda nos descendentes de Robert Gibson b.1702. Moses Gibson é um nome incomum, e o fato de Robert chamar um filho de Moses e se mudar para Bucks, de onde a esposa de seu irmão é, parece confirmar uma relação entre Moses e Robert - sejam eles parentes de George e William (e das mulheres Rebecca, Mary e Anne) está aberta a novas pesquisas.

Robert Gibson (1702 Filadélfia, PA-?) - nada se sabe sobre este Robert, por isso é incerto se "nosso" Robert Gibson, patriota que morreu em 1788, pertence a este Robert.
1. Robert Gibson (

1730s-1788 Bucks, PA - será) casado (1) Desconhecido e (2) a viúva Elizabeth Wilson Keith.

1766) John Gibson anteriormente de Doylestown, morreu em 3 de dezembro de 1828 (idade não especificada) Robert Gibson de Doylestown, morreu em 25 de março de 1820, aos 23 anos (nascido

1796) Thomas Gibson de Bedminster, morreu em 18 de fevereiro de 1818, com 50 anos (nascido

1767). John e Robert são provavelmente filhos de Thomas Gibson e, aparentemente, ambos morreram jovens, talvez solteiros.

Quase todos os Gibson vivos no mundo descendem de Lord Thomas Gibson de Goldingstones, obviamente exceto aqueles que foram adotados ou mudaram de sobrenome. Muitos Gibsons nos Estados Unidos, especialmente na área da Nova Inglaterra, são descendentes do imigrante John Gibson de Cambridge, Massachusetts. Outros descendem de um dos sete George Gibsons, com muitos imigrando para o sul e depois para o oeste, especialmente para Kentucky, Indiana e Texas. Henry C. Gibson, de Maybrook, foi um dos homens mais ricos da Filadélfia (vinho e destilados, bancos, seguros, ferrovias) e patrono das artes. Luthier, Orville H. Gibson, fundador da Gibson Guitar Company e homônimo do mundialmente famoso Gibson Amphitheatre em Los Angeles, e George Gibson, fundador da Gibson Art e Gibson Greeting Companies, descendem de George Gibson, filho de John III da Filadélfia. Os famosos Gibsons da TV são o âncora do ABC Evening New, Charles "Charlie" Gibson, o repórter da Fox News John Gibson e a estrela de Criminal Minds da CBS, Thomas Gibson. Artistas conhecidos da Gibson são Eric e Liegh Gibson, o cantor gospel Jonathan Gibson e o músico minimalista Jon Gibson. Temos dois astronautas da NASA, o capitão da Marinha dos EUA, comandante Robert Lee "Hoot" Gibson, e o astronauta e engenheiro do Skylab 4, Edward George Gibson. Thomas Gibson Walton, pai do empresário e empresário americano Sam Walton, descendia de Moses Gibson e Elsie Janney, por meio de seu filho Thomas. No Reino Unido, o Barão Richard Patrick Tallentyre Gibson (1916-2004), foi um empresário britânico na indústria editorial e, posteriormente, administrador de artes.

Muitos de nossos ancestrais familiares foram fundamentais na redação, assinatura ou aprovação de documentos históricos significativos na fundação de nosso país, incluindo: A Magna Carta em (1215) Primeira, Segunda e Terceira Carta da Virgínia Mayflower Compact (1620) Carta de Massachusetts Bay (1629) Carta de Privilégios da Pensilvânia (1696) Resoluções da Lei do Selo (19 de outubro de 1765) Declaração de Armas (6 de julho de 1775) Declaração de Direitos da Virgínia (12 de junho de 1776) Declaração de Independência (4 de julho de 1776) ) Artigos da Confederação (15 de novembro de 1777) em York, PA e, finalmente, a Constituição dos Estados Unidos (1787).

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Conforme mencionado acima, esta informação veio diretamente do site de Thomas Gibson: http://www.shohola.com/Gibson/ - "Bem-vindo à página de genealogia de Thomas Knowlton Gibson." Suas informações provêm em grande parte de História biográfica do condado de York, ilustrada em 1886 por John Gibson, editor histórico, um descendente de João III. Thomas Knowlton Gibson confirmou que o link acima com os Boston Gibsons foi feito devido aos registros de excomunhão em Massachusetts e o aparecimento simultâneo de um John Gibson na Filadélfia - e o fato de que a excomunhão foi devido a crenças quacres e o Filadélfia John Gibson era quacre . Além disso, a Filadélfia de William Penn teria sido o lugar certo para um Quaker naquela época. No entanto, também existem registros de um segunda ancestralidade . A ancestralidade acima é escocesa, a segunda ancestralidade é britânica (tendo vivido temporariamente na Irlanda antes da imigração para a América).

Nos Arquivos da Pensilvânia, há menções de um William Gibson (1629 Easton, Lancashire, Inglaterra-20/11/1684 Londres, Inglaterra) casado com Elizabeth Thompson, armarinho de Londres, que se tornou quacre, amigo de William Penn, e recebeu concessões de terras dele. William é pai de pelo menos três filhos: William, John e Patience, e talvez também Rebecca, Hannah e Elizabeth (embora apenas dois filhos tenham sido nomeados em seu testamento - veja abaixo). Patience casou-se com John Wright e morreu em Chester, PA em 15/11/1722 - eles receberam terras em Bucks, PA, e se mudaram para lá por volta de 1699.

Antes de Penn partir para a América em agosto de 1682, uma alteração significativa ocorreu na composição da propriedade de East Jersey. Os doze associados concordaram "em receber mais três pessoas, para perfazer o número de proprietários para vinte e quatro". Isso foi realizado quando cada proprietário transferiu metade de sua ação para um novo proprietário. Desde que Wilcox vendeu sua parte, havia onze antigos proprietários e treze novos proprietários. Os novos proprietários consistiam em cinco homens de Londres, todos quakers, dois homens de Dublin (ambos quakers), seis escoceses, três dos quais eram quakers. Os homens de Londres eram Edward Byllynge, cavalheiro e cervejeiro de Westminster e principal proprietário de West Jersey, agora novamente solvente William GIBSON, cidadão e armarinho e proeminente ministro quacre Thomas Barker, o comerciante Gawan Lawrie, comerciante e James Brain, genro de Groom e um comerciante. William GIBSON foi um notável quacre de Londres que foi muitas vezes preso, multado e arrancado de seus bens. Seu nome aparece com os de Penn, Whitehead, Barclay e outros como um signatário das epístolas enviadas para as reuniões mensais. GIBSON não foi apenas um dos 24 proprietários, mas o primeiro comprador de terras na Pensilvânia com uma participação de 500 acres. Ele nunca veio para a América, mas compareceu às reuniões de proprietários em Londres até sua morte em 1784. Sua viúva e dois filhos eram seus herdeiros. Thomas Boell, seu agente, garantiu para eles 500 acres em Wickatunk e 2.000 acres em Millstone. Em 1687, no entanto, a propriedade GIBSON foi comprada por Robert West e Thomas Cox e em 1689 Cox como fiduciário de West a vendeu ao Dr. Daniel Coxe. Em março de 1692, quando Coxe vendeu suas propriedades para a West Jersey Society, ele possuía duas East Jersey propriedades. Uma ele se referiu como a ação do Oeste ", e esta foi a ação que ele comprou da Byllynge e mais tarde recuperou o controle. A outra," Ação do Mew "que ele comprou dos herdeiros da GIBSON, uma vez que era metade da ação original da GIBSON propriedade indivisa. No livro intitulado "The Short and Itinerary Journals of George Fox", Macmillan, 1926 William GIBSON é mencionado como aparecendo com frequência no Diário de Haistwell entre os anos de 1677 e 1678. "William GIBSON, a quem conheço bem, e que na época das guerras civis, sendo um soldado em Carlisle, ele e três outros tendo ouvido que uma reunião Quaker foi marcada naquela cidade, eles concordaram em ir até lá e abusar do pregador, cujo nome era Thomas Holmes, mas GIBSON, que veio zombar, permaneceu para orar e se tornou um ministro zeloso. Ele residiu em Lancashire até cerca de 1670, quando se mudou para Londres. "Ele teve um papel proeminente com Fox e outros na controvérsia da história de Wilkinson. Lidando especialmente com Raunce e Harris. Em 8 meses de 1684, ele foi relatado como" quase morto ". (Carta de Penn para M. Fox). Diz-se que mais de mil amigos seguiram seus restos mortais de Lombard Street a Bunhill Fields. "The History and Genealogy of Fenwick's Colony", de Thomas Shourds, pub original em 1876 e desde então reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company is a sourcebook rich in info on NJ Quakers that may help with other lines, although Wm. Gibson is not identified in it. Beware that much of Shourds' data is questionable. -- PA Archives

Furthermore, genealogical information on the George Gibson of Lancaster also supports a more recent emigration, and confirm a Scots-Irish tie. It is my [DLH 2008] aim to discover more information about the Robert Gibson b.1702 and his brothers/sisters, to see if their records or biographies might help to pin down their ancestry. However, it should be noted that the Robert Gibson in Bucks,PA in the 1770s/1780s is almost certain to be the son of Robert Gibson b.1702 in Philadelphia and the newphew of Moses Gibson b.1710 in Philadelphia. Jesse Britton's wife Ann, born circa 1760, is thought to likely be a granddaughter of George (b.1704) or William (b.1717).

From Thomas Knowlton Gibson: "You are correct about William Gibson being an early resident of Philadelphia, but he was almost certainly not the father of John Gibson born 1676 who married Anne St. Clair in Philadelphia. William was the son of John Gibson b. 1606 who fled to Galway, Ireland in 1640, who was the son of William 1576 - 1658) a Free Baron and Lord of Session. William was born in 1641, emigrated to England from Galway around 1663, met George Fox, became a Quaker. He met and became a friend of William Penn and then emigrated to the colonies, through Baltimore or New Castle and then to Philadelphia. William certainly made significant contributions to the founding of Pennsylvania, both in London and in Philadelphia.I am very interested in any documentation indicating he is the father of John (who married Anne St. Clair in Philadelphia in 1669), as my great grandfather's records do not indicate any close relationship to William. You are correct in that I do not have a documented relationship of John, born in Cambridge 1676 and converting to Quakerism, to John Gibson of Philadelphia, recorded as being a Quaker and born in 1676. Since John of Cambridge is recorded a moving to Philadelphia around 1692 and there were very few colonists named John Gibson in Philadelphia in 1696, (actually I can find only one), I am reasonably certain they are one and the same person. I suspect that John might have lived with his great uncle William upon arriving in Philadelphia, which might be the reason some record him as the son of William." Later updated: "Uncle William . it seems that he probably did not emigrate, but instead provided his land to his children." "it seems the early Philadelphia Gibson family lived in the Bristol area."

Misc Gibson records: Ann Hunt born 12/14/1688 Darby, Chester Co, Pennsylvania married (1)John Blunston, Jr. (2)Nathan Gibson (Note: John Blunston, Jr. died in 1716 and Ann married second to Nathan Gibson on Dec 7, 1719 at Darby MM) -- Darby, Chester Co, Pa

There were several families of Gibsons who settled in Hopewell Township. John Gibson died in the year 1748, leaving a wife, Ann a daughter, Mary and a sister, Margaret. Robert Gibson died in 1754. James Gibson, of Hopewell, died in 1758, leaving a son William grandson James Beard (John Elliot probably married a daughter) granddaughter Margaret Elliot a daughter married Hugh Thompson. John Elliot was an Indian trader and traded amongst the tribes in Northern Ohio for Robert Callendar. William Gibson, of Newtown Township, died in 1770, leaving children: Robert Gibson, John Gibson, Samuel Gibson, James Gibson, George Gibson, Gideon Gibson, Charles Gibson and Ann Gibson. George Gibson, the father of Judge Gibson, was the son of John Gibson, who kept tavern in Lancaster when the town was laid out. He married Ann West, the daughter of Francis West, the first magistrate of Cumberland County. At the commencement of the Revolutionary War, he and his brother John were trading among the Indians along the the Ohio. At this time there was a very disorderly spirit among the settlers at the Forks of the Ohio, which was fomented by Dr. John Connolly, and other emissaries of Lord Dunmore, who claimed jurisdiction over that country, and annexed it to Augusta County, Virginia. The Virginians evidently enlisted their sympathies. A number followed Dunmore, and were tinctured with Toryism, while others who espoused the patriot cause, accepted commissions in the Army from Virginia, and George Gibson was one of the latter. He afterwards served in the Regular Line. He went to New Orleans to procure powder, etc, for the Continental Army. He was successful in his mission, and negotiated with Oliver Pollock, who transported the powder, etc., in vessels to one of the Atlantic ports. At the close of the war, Virginia gave Colonel Gibson a warrant for land in Kentucky, but when he came to locate it, he found the land covered by a warrant of a previous date. He applied to Congress for relief, and although General Muhlenburg reported the bill favorably, for some reason or other, neither he nor his heirs received any recompense. He commanded a company at St. Clair's defeat was mortally wounded, and when the troops were put to flight and everyone was trying to save himself, as his brother-in-law, Jacob Slough, of Lancaster, passed by him, he begged him to assist him off the field, but Slough ran on. Colonel Gibson then placed his back against a tree and drew his pistols, and sold his life dearly to the "redskins". His body was taken to Fort Washington and buried there. He resided along Shearman's Creek at the foot of "Pisgah" Mountain. The creek runs forty miles along the western base of the mountain with a meadow about five hundred feet wide, and one thousand feet long, between the creek and the dwelling. An apple orchard covers a portion of this meadow. Upon its iste, Colonel Gibson had a race course. He owned a mill near his dwelling and several hundred acres of land, which was mostly uncultivated. What induced Francis West to leae Carlisle and settle at Shearman's Creek, which at that time was cut off from other settlements by the mountains, I cannot imagine. Chief Justice Gibson was born in this house. A portion of it is now used as a "pottery". One of Gibson's slaves wounded a buck and was killed by it, where the lime kiln now is. George Gibson made his will November 12, 1791, leaving sons Francis Gibson, George Gibson, John Bannister Gibson, Patrick Henry Gibson. He devised something to William Gibson, who was a nephew of Robert Callendar. Mrs. Gibson belonged to the Church of England, and shw was very anxious to have her sons baptized by an Episcopal minister. She made known the fact to the minister, probably in Cumberland Valley, who came to Shearman's Valley, and took up his quarters at Mr. Gibson's, who finally gave his consent to have the "boys" baptized. But he very likely gave them a hint of the matter, for as long as the minister was there, they went to the mountains daily to hunt, starting before daylight and did not return until the minister had retired for the night. He finally gave up on them and returned to Carlisle without accomplishing his mission. (Source: Engle's Notes and Queries, Volume II, pages 85-86)


Custom Shop Rumours: What the hell is going on at Gibson?

Now, I’m not one to gossip (okay, I am, as it’s actually part of my job), but I keep hearing all these rumours about Gibson, their Custom Shop and the state of this once great American guitar maker.

Custom Shop exit?

First off, I’ve been hearing a lot of whispered rumours recently from dealers here in the UK and on the other side of the Atlantic. What is particularly interesting is that conversations on both sides of the pond seem to be circling around the same issues.

My sources tell me that the founder of Gibson Custom Shop, the man that started it all off, has been outed. The man in question is Edwin Wilson, ‘the man’ at the renowned Custom Shop. He founded it, ran it and is generally considered to be the father of the whole department.

The rumour also popped up on various guitar forums like thefretboard (my boys in the UK) and then repeated over in the US at mylespaul. It makes you wonder: is there any truth to it? The old adage that there is no smoke without fire seems apt, as for a rumour to emerge on two highly respected guitar forums frequented by a lot of people in the industry is more than coincidence.

There are even now rumours that the Gibson Custom shop has stopped reissue Historics, Relics and Reissues!

Official statement

Although Gibson has not made any announcement about Edwin Wilson’s departure, there are underlying developments at Gibson that might be relevant. When Mike Eldred left the Fender Custom Shop it was a big deal for some, and there were similar rumours floating around before it all became official. What seems relevant to this new rumour is that Gibson has been in financial difficulties for a while now. I even wrote an article about this last year.

Especulação

Yes, this is all speculation and some of that is being whispered on guitar forum threads. But we believe that it’s not just background noise. After all, we know that there have been questions raised over Gibson’s financial performance, including their downgrading by Moody’s Investor Services. That could be an important context for these new rumours. Could be.

My opinion? Gibson are making some very cheap and not-so-great guitars that they have been trying to ‘box shift’ on Amazon. Below I have added the YouTube review of the Gibson Firebird Zero by online guitar reviewer Agufish. This honest review pulls no punches and gives quite a damning view of this model.

It appears that Gibson are trying to sell poorly thought-out guitars, rather than concentrating on what they do best, which is not helping their reputation. The Gibson Custom Shop instruments are still considered amazing guitars and perhaps they should be concentrating on those instead of giving us cheaply made Firebird knock-offs?

Robot tuners and Firebird Zeros…

Gibson attracted a lot of criticism for the 2015 line-up (super-wide necks, robot tuners, holograms and crayon-like signatures). Then there was the Firebird Zero mentioned above, which seemed a poor match for what customers were expecting. Maybe they deserve some credit for at least trying to innovate. But some Gibson dealers were, it seems, stuck with stock they could not shift, and Gibson further alienated them by discounting these guitars in blow out sales on Amazon, in effect undercutting their own dealers.

For those of you that don’t know Edwin, I have added a video interview with him from 2013 with German YouTube channel Session, as you can see Edwin knows his stuff, so it would be a great shame if he has gone. If you have an opinion or have heard something I have not, then please comment below.

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Wilfrid Wilson Gibson (1878-1962)

Today it is difficult to realise how popular Gibson was in the second decade of this century - popular for both his poetry and his personality. Brooke and Frost took to him instantly - he must have had a warm and easy-going temperament - and everyone had a good word to say about him. "I have no friend here like Wilfrid Gibson," wrote Frost to an American friend in March 1914. Brooke affectionately called him 'Wibson' and his letters to Marsh and others are full of concern for Gibson's well-being and comments about how nice he is. D.H. Lawrence wrote to Eddie Marsh in November 1913 that "I think Gibson is one of the clearest and most lovable personalities I know." John Middleton Murry, in a letter of reminiscence to Christopher Hassall, says "We quickly introduced Wilfrid to Eddie [Marsh] . . . and Eddie took to him as naturally as we had done, for his singular integrity."

Around 1906 Gibson ceased writing pseudo-Tennysonian verse and began writing realistic poems in which he tried to reflect the speech of ordinary people, based on events arising out of his everyday life in Northumberland and later Glasgow. By 1912, of all the younger English poets of the day, only one, John Masefield with his 'The Everlasting Mercy', could challenge Gibson in the matter of general popularity.

Poet Laureate Robert Bridges praised his "very remarkable" contributions to Georgian Poetry. In 1913 Frost wrote to another friend that "He is much talked of in America at the present time. He's just one of the plain folks with none of the marks of the literary poseur about him."

Two volumes of Gibson's poems - Daily Bread (1910) e Fires (1912) - impressed Frost, partly for their colloquial style but also because they provided evidence that there was a market for poems about ordinary people and everyday happenings. Daily Bread went into a third printing in 1913 - the year when Frost's first volume was published. Gibson was thought of as a poet concerned with the problems of common humanity. Frost and others may have jokingly referred to him as "the People's Poet". After Frost and Thomas had an unpleasant encounter with a gamekeeper in the woods behind Abercrombie's house, Frost wrote to a friend that he would now have a better claim than Gibson "to the title of the People's Poet".

Gibson left his native Northumberland and moved to London in the summer of 1912. He worked as assistant editor for Rhythm, a poetry magazine being produced by John Middleton Murry and Katherine Mansfield. His salary, small but essential for his upkeep, was paid anonymously by Eddie Marsh, and it was Marsh who introduced him to Rupert Brooke on September 17, 1912. This proved to be one of the important moments in Gibson's life. Just three days later Gibson, at Brooke's invitation, attended the very first meeting to discuss the publication of Georgian Poetry. In November 1912 he moved into a small room above Harold Monro's Poetry Bookshop, a couple of months before it officially opened. Here he was well-placed to become even more a part of the London literary scene.

Wilfrid Gibson had read and admired Robert Frost's A Boy's Will when it was published early in 1913. That August he wrote to Frost, whom he had not met, urging him to bring some of his new poems to the Poetry Bookshop. Frost did so, and Gibson wrote a poem called 'The First Meeting'. Given their subsequent reputations today, this poem reminds us that at the time Gibson was the famous poet and Frost relatively unknown. Gibson wanted Frost to meet Abercrombie, and invited him to a poetry reading that Abercrombie was giving at the Poetry Bookshop. In December 1913 Gibson was married, in Dublin, to Harold Monro's secretary Geraldine Townshend. The Gibsons spent their honeymoon at The Gallows, while the Abercrombies were away, and soon afterwards they moved to a thatched cottage called The Old Nailshop. It was two miles west of Abercrombie's cottage, and on the road from Dymock to Ledbury.

Gibson had already suggested to Frost that he should leave Beaconsfield and come to live near Dymock. Early in 1914 the Gibsons found a place for the Frosts and their four children to live, two miles from The Old Nailshop, on the other side of the River Leadon. Geraldine Gibson wrote to Elinor Frost on 25 February 1914 that "We have just this moment got your husband's letter saying you are coming here. We are absolutely rejoiced . . . how perfectly splendid!" In February 1914 Marsh wrote to Brooke, after a weekend at The Old Nailshop discussing Georgian Poetry II, that "W. hasn't really begun writing again yet, but he soon will, he feels the stirrings." When he did begin, he wrote in typical Gibson fashion about the everyday things that surrounded him, and particularly the cottage that he and Geraldine loved dearly.

'The Old Nail-Shop', publicado em New Numbers 4, is one of many poems about the cottage it shows Gibson's sense of history and continuity as well as his sympathy with poor rural folk. But the most important poem about the cottage, for Dymock Poet aficionados, is 'The Golden Room'. It describes the scene inside, on the only night we know for sure that five of the six Dymock Poets (not Drinkwater) were together for an evening. Dedicated to his wife and published in a volume of the same name in 1927, 'The Golden Room' is less than satisfactory as a poem but it accurately catches the nuances in style and personality of the poets.

The evening in question - most likely June 24, 1914, despite the fact that Gibson later remembered it as July - is almost certainly the night referred to in Thomas's letter of June 27 (see the section on Thomas). Brooke had just returned from his year of travels, and wanted to see Abercrombie and Gibson about New Numbers Thomas and his wife were on a short holiday, possibly getting over a period of domestic discord. The poem captures Frost's intellect and expansiveness, Thomas's shyness, Brooke's merriment but it also captures the pain that Gibson still felt - a decade later - about how the war had ended it all. One year and two weeks after this golden evening, Eddie Marsh retreated to the attic room of Gibson's cottage to spend eight days writing his celebrated memoir of Rupert Brooke.

The Great Western Railway offered special excursions to see the wild daffodils for which Dymock and Newent were (and still are) famous. It's not surprising that Gibson wrote a poem called 'Daffodils'. It tells of a man reminiscing about his son Jack, now off fighting "in a bloody trench" but who, 18 years ago, had enjoyed picking and sniffing the daffodils. Foi publicado em An Annual of New Poetry (1917), edited by Gordon Bottomley - the same volume that contained Edward Thomas's first published poems.

Dymock's daffodils are an important feature of another poem, 'To John Drinkwater', which makes such effective use of alliteration (Dymock, daffodils, delight, dances, dreams). Gostar 'The Golden Room' it blames the war for bringing an end to their idyllic world. Gibson was usually more interested in people than in his physical surroundings, and two of the poems in New Numbers 4 - 'Girl's Song' e 'The Orphans' - give an idea of why he was called 'the People's Poet' (if only in jest) by Robert Frost. Both poems end on a sad note and with a sense that poor country folk have a hard life and many burdens to bear. Their lives stand in sharp contrast to the scene depicted in 'Trees', which was dedicated to Lascelles Abercrombie and published in Amigos, a small volume of Gibson's poems which appeared in 1916. Here we see Abercrombie reading to the poets who are gathered under an elm tree at The Gallows.

An elm features in another poem of Gibson's, also from the Dymock period and published in the following year in Sustento, another volume of Gibson poems. 'The Elm' was inspired by the fact that an elm at The Old Nailshop was brought down in a storm, and Gibson mentioned this when corresponding with Frost after his return to America. I see touches of Frost in the poem - for example, the first few lines of the third stanza. But it also illustrates Gibson's constant nostalgia and his repeated use of a narrow range of themes.

Farther afield were the Malverns - providing another theme for Gibson's poetry. A partir de The Ragged Stone it's clear that he walked to the southern end of the Malverns and climbed up Ragged Stone Hill with its wonderful views of May Hill to the south and the Severn plain to the west. He may have already heard two local legends - still repeated today - about the dreadful things that would happen to those on whom the shadow of the stone outcrop fell. It's interesting to see how Gibson has related this to the shadow of the war falling on everyone.

Frost became increasingly disenchanted with Gibson in 1914. It began with Gibson's review of North of Boston in the August Bookman and the incident with the gamekeeper seemed to confirm Frost's disenchantment with his friend. In his review Gibson simultaneously commends and criticises Frost's poetry. Walsh speculates on "why Gibson should have discerned less of Frost's accomplishment than Abercrombie". He notes that Gibson and Abercrombie "must certainly have talked at length, and repeatedly, about Frost and his book" (they had seen it prior to publication). "Beyond mere obtuseness," says Walsh, "one reason for his [Gibson's] blindness may have been a burdensome tinge of jealousy, aroused by his recognition that while Frost and he were in pursuit of much the same goals, the American had reached heights of art beyond anything in Gibson's prolific output, perhaps beyond anything imagined by him as possible."

Brooke's death was a great blow to Gibson. The title page of Gibson's Friends (1916) is dedicated 'To the memory of Rupert Brooke', followed by an untitled poem printed in italics followed by the date, 23rd April 1915. This poem is often titled 'To the Memory of Rupert Brooke' to distinguish it from the first poem in Amigos, a long poem titled 'Rupert Brooke'. Part III of this second poem describes the field of poppies at The Gallows that Brooke had noticed the previous summer. Another poem in Friends about Brooke's death is 'To Edward Marsh', as the sub-title makes clear. It begins with a reference to the evening of the King's Cross fire when Marsh introduced Gibson and Brooke. Another poem about Brooke, titled 'Rugby: 1917', was published in Gibson's Vizinhos (1920). Gibson was still writing poems about Brooke in 1927 'Skyros' was published in O observador in April and an anthology of that year's best poetry reprinted it.

In 1915 Gibson published a small volume called Batalha, containing 32 poems about the war. When reading them it is hard to believe that at this time he had not been involved personally in the war. He had poor eyesight and it wasn't until two years later that the Army accepted him for clerical work. 'Before Action' is the first poem in the collection, but there are several others that are powerful reminders of the agony of war. Gibson always belittled his own work. So perhaps his comments in a letter to Frost about Batalha should not be taken too seriously: "I had to publish it as I felt I must make my little protest, however feeble and ineffectual - so don't be too hard on me."

Gibson's work was popular in America and in 1917 he went on a successful reading tour there. When he returned to England in July, the Army Service Corps finally accepted him for duties at Sydenham, near London, for the remaining twelve months of the war. His son Michael was born in 1918, and Abercrombie became his godfather. When Robert and Elinor Frost came to England again in 1928 they visited the Gibsons, and Wilfrid not only wrote a poem called 'Reunion' but also dedicated his next book, Perigos, in which the poem first appeared, "To Robert and Elinor Frost". Gibson continued to publish a book of poems every couple of years or so, until 1950. And he continued to go on lecture and reading tours around Britain. But his themes and the treatment he gave them seemed increasingly superficial to the modern world. His work declined in popularity to such an extent that it is hardly known today. "I am one of those unlucky writers whose books have predeceased him," he wrote to Frost in 1939.

It would be hard to over-estimate the significance of the Dymock period to Gibson, and the domestic bliss he found with Geraldine in their old nail-shop, facing on to an even older track called The Greenway, two miles north of Dymock. When his Poemas coletados were published in 1926 he placed at the very front of the volume an untitled poem - printed in italics - that begins 'So long had I travelled the lonely road'.

This text is from Once They Lived in Gloucestershire: A Dymock Poets Anthology by Linda Hart
ISBN 0 9526031 52 - Reprinted in 2011
(£6.95 from the Green Branch Press, Kencot, Gloucestershire, England GL7 3QX).

The book also includes most of the poems mentioned in the text above, a chapter introducing the Dymock Poets, two maps showing the Dymock area, and detailed references to all sources.


The Spooky Unsolved Mystery of the Flannan Lighthouse Disappearances

Lighthouses are usually extremely secluded places which dictate a solitary way of life, not suitable for everyone.

Naturally, this isn’t always a safe work environment, as emergency services are often not able to provide a quick response in case of an accident.

So when three men working in a lighthouse on the Flannan Isles in the Outer Hebrides, off the west coast of Scotland, suddenly disappeared, wild theories arose fueled by a lack of evidence.

This was at the very dawn of the 20th century, and it sparked one of the most unsettling mysteries at the time.

The westernmost of the Flannan Isles: Eilean a’ Ghobha and Roareim with Brona Cleit in the distance. Photo Marc Calhoun CC BY-SA 2.0 .

The lighthouse in which the disappearances took place was built in 1899 on one of the isles called Eilean Mòr.

The structure was 75 feet tall and the complex included a rail and a small docking yard intended for supplies.

Apart from the lighthouse which included three workers ― two regular and one occasional who rotated from the mainland ― the island of Eilean Mòr was uninhabited.

The lighthouse served as an important link for guiding trans-Atlantic ships towards the harbor in Leith, Scotland.

However, on December 15, 1900, something odd happened. As the steamer Archtor, which was on its way from Philadelphia, passed by the Flannan Isles Lighthouse, it noted that its light was not operational.

It wasn’t until the ship docked in Leith three days later that this irregularity was noted. Due to horrible weather, the relief boat, stationed on a nearby island of Lewis, had to postpone its visit until December 26th, when it was finally concluded that the lighthouse had been unmanned for days.

The Flannan or Seven Hunters Isles.

The lighthouse crew at the time consisted of three men ― Thomas Marshall and James Ducat, who were the regulars and Donald MacArthur, an occasional who was doing his shift, while the fourth man was on leave, spending time on shore.

When Captain Jim Harvie of the relief boat Hesperus arrived, the men were nowhere to be found — and a number of other irregularities were spotted on the island.

Instead of waiting for the Hesperus on the dock as it was the procedure, none of the lightkeepers appeared. Also, none of the provision boxes needed for the supplies were present at the landing site, and the flagstaff appeared to be missing a signal flag, indicating that no effort was made by the keepers to welcome the relief boat carrying supplies.

St. Flannan’s Cell and Flannan Isles Lighthouse. Here is the source of one of the world’s great mysteries for at the turn of the century three lightkeepers disappeared without trace. Photo JJM
CC BY-SA 2.0

At that point, it became clear to the crew of Hesperus that something was extremely off. The crew quickly examined the lighthouse noting several details: both the entrance gate and the gate leading to the compound were shut.

In addition to this, the Hesperus crewmen found all beds unmade, indicating that something must have interrupted them in the middle of the night, and the mechanical clocks had stopped, indicating that the incident happened some while ago.

They also found one unused set of oilskins ― a type of waterproof garment ― usually worn by the keepers whenever going outside during bad weather.

After conducting this ad hoc investigation, the captain of the Hesperus sent a telegram to the Northern Lighthouse Board during that same day, stating:

Flannan Isles Lighthouse. Photo by Marc Calhoun CC BY-SA 2.0 .

“A dreadful accident has happened at the Flannans. The three keepers, Ducat, Marshall, and the Occasional have disappeared from the Island… The clocks were stopped and other signs indicated that the accident must have happened about a week ago. Poor fellows, they must have been blown over the cliffs or drowned trying to secure a crane.”

Days passed and the men were nowhere to be found. In the meantime, it was concluded that the western part of the island had been severely hit by the storms, as the landing site in the west seemed to have suffered heavy damage from wind and waves.

Flannan Isles – close-up of the lighthouse. Photo by geograph CC BY 2.0

On December 29, 1900, the Northern Lighthouse Board sent a superintendent to conduct an official investigation. Headed by Robert Muirhead, the investigation concluded that the found oilskins set was intended for Donald MacArthur, referred to as the “Occasional.” Analyzing the keeper’s log in which the last entry was made on December 15th, Muirhead realized that the damage made on the western landing happened prior to the disappearance of the three men.

His reconstruction of the events suggested that Ducat and Marshall went to repair the landing site around dinner time on December 15th, while MacArthur stayed at the lighthouse, as the protocol demanded one person to always be present at the post.

Steps to landing place, Flannan Isles.

Something made MacArthur leave the lighthouse unmanned, without taking his waterproof garment. This was the point at which the three men went permanently missing.

Muirhead’s explanation also suggested that the three men fell victim to a high wave which most probably swept them onto the sharp rocks.

Even though the bodies were likely forever lost in the depths of the Atlantic Ocean, the disappearance of the lighthouse keepers sparked nationwide speculation. Many offered various theories in newspapers, grooming ideas of paranormal activity, ghost stories, pirate kidnappings, and spying affairs, all providing no evidence whatsoever to back their claims.

Flannan Isles Lighthouse – Photo by geograph CC BY 2.0

The mystery became even more popular after it was immortalized in a 1912 ballad by Wilfrid Wilson Gibson, a poet who emphasizes that the men were the victims of some sort of foul play.

The ballad spawned another series of wild speculations which clung onto the missing lightkeepers through decades to come. Quickly, an analogy was drawn between the missing lighthouse keepers and the disappearance of passengers and crew of the American merchant brigantine Mary celeste, which happened some 28 years before, when the ship was discovered adrift in a seaworthy condition in the middle of the ocean, with no one aboard.

Due to the widespread rumors about the mystery it became difficult for the Northern Lighthouse Board to employ new keepers, as a dark shadow loomed over the Flannan Isles tower.

The remains of the Flannan lighthouse railway as of 2012. This view is looking approximately west-south-west from the lighthouse. The site of “Clapham Junction” is just visible at left centre. Photo by Chris Downer CC BY-SA 2.0

Many attempts have been made since then to cast a light on the disappearance of the three men, like the recent book by an acknowledged naturalist John Love, titled A Natural History of Lighthouses.

In the book, the author tackles all possible notion of macabre activity and confirms that the men must have fallen victim to a rogue wave.

“There is no need to invoke the sinister or the paranormal, it was purely a tragic act of nature the men got swept away by abnormally rough seas,” said Love in a 2015 interview for the Sunday Post, adding that MacArthur must have been concerned about his companions who became absent for too long.

Since it was forbidden to leave the lighthouse unattended, he most probably just got out to take a look, without his oilskins, only to be swept away by a wave himself.

Love also noted that the keepers weren’t familiar with the winter storm conditions around the island, as the lighthouse was built just one year before the incident took place.

Whatever the case, the disappearance of the three lighthouse keepers left a permanent mark on Edwardian Britain by enclosing many of the popular romantic tropes, like the secluded lighthouse, a mysterious disappearance and raging natural elements.

Nikola Budanovic is a freelance journalist who has worked for various media outlets such as Vice, War History Online, The Vintage News, and Taste of Cinema. His main areas of interest are history, particularly military history, literature and film.


#11 – Robert Gibson

Yikes, I’m really behind on my 52 ancestors. Now to play catch-up.

Robert Gibson, my 3rd Great-Grandfather, was born about 1805 in Ireland. His family was from the Ards Peninsula (shown on map above) in County Down, Northern Ireland. They likely moved to Ireland from Scotland. According to Catharine Anne Wilson, Scotch-Irish families “emigrated from 1820 to 1860 from the United Parish of St. Andrews in Northern Ireland to Amherst Island, Ontario, Canada.” (Wilson, C. A. (1997). The Scotch-Irish and Immigrant Culture on Amherst Island, Ontario. In H. T. Blethen & C. Wood (Eds.), Ulster and North America: Transatlantic Perspectives on the Scotch-Irish (134-145). Tuscaloosa, Ala.: University of Alabama Press.) St. Andrews was six miles north of Portaferry, from which many ships departed.

Robert married Mary McCormick in Ireland in the 1830s. They had at least five children between 1837 and 1850, including my great-great grandmother Mary Ann. According to her 1911 Canada Census entry, Mary Ann arrived on Amherst Island in 1857, which is when, I assume, the rest of the family came. This also fits the emigration time frame put forth by Wilson. She was married with a daughter by 1859 on the island. In the 1861 and 1871 censuses, Robert and Mary were living on Amherst Island. He was listed as Presbyterian and she was listed as Roman Catholic. In April 1881, they were living with their son Hugh (1848-1881) and his wife Elizabeth and their two children, William and Mary Ellen. Hugh died in June 1881 and a son, also named Hugh, was born in February 1882.

Robert died on May 5, 1882 of dyspepsia. He might be buried in St. Bartholomew’s Cemetery on Amherst Island. His wife Mary died on January 13, 1886 of dropsy of the heart.

52 Ancestors #11 – Luck of the Irish


Fazendo história

Gibson&aposs success at those ATA tournaments paved the way for her to attend Florida A&M University on a sports scholarship. She graduated from the school in 1953, but it was a struggle for her to get by. At one point, she even thought of leaving sports altogether to join the U.S. Army. A good deal of her frustration had to do with the fact that so much of the tennis world was closed off to her. The white-dominated, white-managed sport was segregated in the United States, as was the world around it.

The breaking point came in 1950, when Alice Marble, a former tennis No. 1 herself, wrote a piece in American Lawn Tennis magazine lambasting her sport for denying a player of Gibson&aposs caliber to compete in the world&aposs best tournaments. Marble&apossਊrticle caught notice, and by� — just one year after becoming the first Black player to compete at Wimbledon — Gibson was a Top 10 player in the United States. She went on to climb even higher, to No. 7 by 1953.

In 1955, Gibson and her game were sponsored by the United States Lawn Tennis Association, which sent her around the world on a State Department tour that saw her compete in places like India, Pakistan and Burma. Measuring 5 feet, 11 inches, and possessing superb power and athletic skill, Gibson seemed destined for bigger victories. 

In 1956, it all came together when she won the French Open. Wimbledon and U.S. Open titles followed in both 1957 and 1958. (She won both the women&aposs singles and doubles at Wimbledon in 1957, which was celebrated by a ticker-tape parade when she returned home to New York City.) In all, Gibson powered her way to 56 singles and doubles championships before turning pro in 1959.

For her part, however, Gibson downplayed her pioneering role. "I have never regarded myself as a crusader," she states in her 1958 autobiography, Eu sempre quis ser alguém. "I don&apost consciously beat the drums for any cause, not even the negro in the United States."

Althea Gibson kisses the cup she was rewarded with after having won the French International Tennis Championships in Paris.


Wilfrid Wilson Gibson – Northumberland’s People’s Poet

Heatherland and bentland, Black land and white, God bring me to Northumberland, The land of my delight.

&mdash Wilfrid Wilson Gibson – Northumberland’s People’s Poet

Heatherland and bentland,
Black land and white,
God bring me to Northumberland,
The land of my delight.

Land of singing waters,
And words from off the sea,
God bring me to Northumberland,
The land where I would be.

Heatherland and bentland,
And valley rich with corn,
God bring me to Northumberland,
The land where I was born.


Whin was an 1918 anthology by poet Wilfrid Wilson Gibson, formed mainly of poems relating to places in Northumberland. He was Northumberland-born – in Hexham on 2 October 1878 – and lived locally until in his thirties. His first work was published aged just 18, in The Spectator magazine.

From the first years of the twentieth century, he wrote poems in a realist style about ordinary people in ordinary language. He was in the vanguard of this approach and his straightforward writing told stories of life among the working class and poor of both the countryside and the city.

A contemporary review in the Times Literary Supplement summed up his writing: “He is in close touch with the simple, elementary feelings of humanity and by associating these with pathetic, peculiar, or heroic incidents in the lives of working folk he achieves truth and poignancy by what seems only to be faithful description.”

His Daily Bread of 1910 employed such straightforward style and gained popularity with some three printings.

Gibson maintained this approach during the First World War, imagining front-line realities to write from the viewpoint of ordinary soldiers rather than officers. His book of war poetry, Batalha, has been credited as an influence on the more well known Siegfried Sassoon, Isaac Rosenberg, Robert Graves and Wilfred Owen. One review of the time commented “Under the impact of the greatest crisis in history, he has been not stunned to silence or babbling song, but awakened to understanding and sober speech, and thereby has proved his genius.”

He’d even have his joke
While we were sitting tight,
And so he needs must poke
His silly head in sight
To whisper some new jest
Chortling. But as he spoke
A rifle cracked…
And now God knows when I shall hear the rest!

“The Joke”, from Batalha

This understanding of ‘the heartbreak in the heart of things’ has caused some to dub Gibson as Northumberland’s “People’s Poet”.

Another poem in Whin was inspired by Black Stitchel hill near Hepple. Gibson’s friend Ivor Gurney set it to music and it has been recorded by several performers including the English operatic baritone Roderick Williams.

* As quoted in Walks from Wooler, W Ford Robertson, 1926
Pic: Mike Quinn [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons


Links externos

  1. ^ '"Young men who knew that the age demanded something new in poetry were impressed by the austerity of his little 'working class' plays". (Joy Grant, Harold Monro & the Poetry Bookshop (1966), p.19. Whistler p.281 remarks on the colloquial, homespun realism that at first was admired in Gibson.
  2. ^ Gibson met de la Mare, and quite a number of other poets, through Marsh (Theresa Whistler, Imagination of the Heart: The Life of Walter de la Mare (1993), p.205 and 208) in 1912. It was with de la Mare that Gibson was to make the closest friendship. Gentle and unlucky, he himself best fitted Brooke's description of those good-hearted and simple and nice poets he wanted to protect.
  3. ^ Paul Delany, The Neo-Pagans (1987), p.199, writes of a business lunch 19 September 1912 at Marsh's flat, with Gibson, John Drinkwater, Harold Monro and Arundel del Re.
  4. ^ Famous People of Herefordshire, Monmouthshire and Royal Forest of Dean at royalforestofdean.info
  5. ^ Literary EncyclopediaThe states that his reputation plummeted. Whistler p.282 has Gibson's was the saddest fate of all the Georgians. Once acclaimed as the leader of an exciting new movement, , when that movement came into derision the critics found in him the epitome of its vices.
  6. ^ AE, Herbert Read and James Stephens (pp 113-114). It is concluded there that "Mr Gibson's poetry. has its own specific qualities and is, in its essentials unique". In 1942 Philip Tomlinson refers to Gibson as "this distinguished poet" (TLS 31 January 1942 p.57).

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Assista o vídeo: The Messages Wilfrid Wilson Gibson audiobook


Comentários:

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