Detalhe do caixão de Llady Diefiawet

Detalhe do caixão de Llady Diefiawet


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Funerais de estado no Reino Unido

No Reino Unido, os funerais de estado geralmente são reservados aos monarcas. O último funeral foi realizado em 1952 para o rei George VI. Além disso, muito excepcionalmente, um funeral de estado pode ser realizado para homenagear uma figura altamente distinta, com a aprovação do monarca e com a aprovação do Parlamento (do gasto de fundos públicos). [1] O funeral de estado mais recente no Reino Unido foi em janeiro de 1965 para Sir Winston Churchill.

Outros funerais (incluindo aqueles de membros seniores da família real e figuras públicas de alto escalão) podem compartilhar muitas das características de um funeral de estado sem serem anunciados como tal, o termo 'funeral cerimonial' é usado. Os funerais de Diana, Princesa de Gales (1997), Rainha Elizabeth, a Rainha Mãe (2002), Margaret Thatcher (2013) e Príncipe Philip, Duque de Edimburgo (2021) caíram nesta categoria.

Junto com o próprio funeral (que é uma ocasião nacional em grande escala), uma carruagem de armas é usada para transportar o caixão entre os locais, acompanhada por uma procissão de bandas e destacamentos militares junto com os enlutados e outros oficiais. Também pode haver uma mentira no estado e outras cerimônias associadas.


Conteúdo

O médico e arquiteto William Thornton foi o vencedor do concurso para projetar o Capitólio em 1793. Thornton teve pela primeira vez a ideia de uma rotunda central. No entanto, devido à falta de fundos ou recursos, a construção frequentemente interrompida e o ataque britânico a Washington durante a Guerra de 1812, os trabalhos na rotunda não começaram até 1818. A rotunda foi concluída em 1824 pelo arquiteto do Capitólio Charles Bulfinch , como parte de uma série de novos edifícios e projetos em preparação para a visita final do Marquês de Lafayette em 1824. A rotunda foi projetada no estilo neoclássico e pretendia evocar o design do Panteão.

As paredes da rotunda de arenito elevam-se a 48 pés (15 m) acima do chão, tudo acima disso - a cúpula do Capitólio - foi projetado em 1854 por Thomas U. Walter, o quarto arquiteto do Capitólio. Walter também projetou as extensões norte e sul do Capitólio. Os trabalhos na cúpula começaram em 1856 e, em 1859, Walter redesenhou a rotunda para consistir em uma cúpula interna e externa, com uma cobertura suspensa entre elas que seria visível através de um óculo no topo da cúpula interna. Em 1862, Walter pediu ao pintor Constantino Brumidi para projetar "um quadro de 20 m de diâmetro, pintado a fresco, no dossel côncavo sobre o olho da Nova Cúpula do Capitólio dos EUA". Nesta época, Brumidi pode ter adicionado um desenho de dossel em aquarela sobre o esboço provisório de 1859 de Walter. A cúpula estava sendo terminada no meio da Guerra Civil Americana e foi construída em ferro fundido à prova de fogo. Durante a Guerra Civil, a rotunda foi usada como hospital militar para os soldados da União. A cúpula foi finalmente concluída em 1866.

A cripta Editar

Originalmente, a cripta tinha um teto aberto na rotunda. Os visitantes ainda podem ver os buracos no círculo de pedra que marcavam a borda do espaço aberto no chão da rotunda. Debaixo do chão da cripta está uma tumba que era o local de sepultamento planejado para George Washington, mas após uma longa batalha com sua propriedade e o estado da Virgínia, os planos para que ele fosse enterrado na cripta foram abandonados. [1]

Edição de renovação

Em janeiro de 2013, o arquiteto do Capitólio anunciou um projeto de quatro anos, $ 10 milhões, para reparar e conservar o exterior do Capitol Dome e a rotunda do Capitol. A proposta exigia a decapagem da pintura com chumbo do interior da cúpula, reparação da ferragem, repintura do interior da cúpula, reabilitação do espaço intersticial entre a cúpula e a rotunda, e instalação de nova iluminação no espaço intersticial e no rotunda. A cúpula e a rotunda, que foram conservadas pela última vez em 1960, apresentavam sinais significativos de ferrugem e degradação. Havia o perigo de que ferragens decorativas caíssem da rotunda para o espaço abaixo e que problemas relacionados ao clima pudessem danificar as obras de arte na rotunda. Sem reparo imediato, foi instalada uma rede de segurança, bloqueando temporariamente a visão da arte da rotunda. [2]

Oito nichos da rotunda abrigam grandes pinturas históricas emolduradas. Todos são óleo sobre tela e medem 3,7 por 5,5 metros (12 por 18 pés). Quatro delas são cenas da Revolução Americana, pintadas por John Trumbull, que foi contratado pelo Congresso para fazer o trabalho em 1817. Estas são Declaração de independência, Rendição do General Burgoyne, Rendição de Lord Cornwallis, e General George Washington renuncia a sua comissão. Estas foram colocadas entre 1819 e 1824. Entre 1840 e 1855, mais quatro pinturas foram adicionadas. Estes retrataram a exploração e colonização da América e foram todos feitos por diferentes artistas. Essas pinturas são Aterragem de Colombo por John Vanderlyn, Descoberta do Mississippi por William Henry Powell, Batismo de Pocahontas por John Gadsby Chapman, e Embarque dos Peregrinos por Robert Walter Weir.

A batalha foi uma vitória importante para os americanos, evitou a divisão da Nova Inglaterra e garantiu a assistência militar francesa aos americanos.

Apoteose de Washington Editar

A Apoteose de Washington é um grande afresco do grego-italiano Constantino Brumidi, visível através do óculo da cúpula da rotunda. O afresco retrata George Washington sentado exaltado entre os céus. É suspenso 180 pés (55 m) acima do chão da rotunda e cobre uma área de 4.664 pés quadrados (433,3 m 2).

Frieze of American History Editar

o Frieze of American History é pintado para parecer um friso de baixo-relevo de pedra esculpida, mas na verdade é um ciclo de afrescos trompe-l'oeil representando 19 cenas da história americana. O "friso" ocupa uma faixa imediatamente abaixo das 36 janelas. Brumidi desenhou o friso e preparou um esboço em 1859, mas só começou a pintar em 1878. Brumidi pintou sete cenas e meia. Enquanto trabalhava em William Penn e os índios, Brumidi caiu do andaime e se agarrou a uma grade por 15 minutos até ser resgatado. Ele morreu alguns meses depois, em 1880. Após a morte de Brumidi, Filippo Costaggini foi contratado para completar as oito cenas e meia restantes nos esboços de Brumidi. Ele terminou em 1889 e deixou uma lacuna de 31 pés (9 m) devido a um erro no projeto original de Brumidi. Em 1951, Allyn Cox completou o friso.

Exceto pelos três últimos painéis nomeados por Allyn Cox, as cenas não têm títulos particulares e muitos títulos variantes foram dados. Os nomes dados aqui são os nomes usados ​​pelo Arquiteto do Capitólio, que usa os nomes que Brumidi usava com mais frequência em suas cartas e que foram usados ​​em Edward Clark e em artigos de jornal. Os 19 painéis são:

Da coleção do Statuary Hall Editar

Entre o grupo de onze estátuas atualmente circundando a rotunda contra a parede no nível do chão, estão seis da Coleção National Statuary Hall:

  • George Washington, em bronze, da Virgínia, de Jean Antoine Houdon (cópia fundida em 1934).
  • Andrew Jackson em bronze, do Tennessee, por Belle Kinney Sholz e Leopold F. Sholz, em 1928.
  • James Garfield em mármore, de Ohio, por Charles Niehaus em 1886.
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower em bronze, do Kansas, por Jim Brothers em 2003.
  • Ronald Reagan em bronze, da Califórnia, por Chas Fagan em 2009.
  • Gerald Ford em bronze, de Michigan, por J. Brett Grill em 2011. [13]

Essas seis estátuas que representam os presidentes permanecerão na rotunda indefinidamente ou até um ato do Congresso.

George Washington Editar

Uma estátua de George Washington - uma cópia do escultor neoclássico francês Jean-Antoine Houdon em mármore de corpo inteiro de 1790 no Capitólio do Estado da Virgínia - ocupa um lugar de destaque. William James Hubard criou uma cópia em gesso após Houdon, que ficou na Rotunda do final da década de 1850 a 1934. Ela agora está no Smithsonian American Art Museum. [14] A presente cópia de bronze substituiu a cópia de gesso de Hubard em 1934. [15]

James Garfield Editar

James Garfield foi o último presidente americano a nascer em uma cabana de toras. O escultor Niehaus retornou à América em 1881 e, por ser natural de Ohio, foi contratado para esculpir um monumento ao recém-assassinado presidente James Garfield, que também era de Ohio.

Busto de Martin Luther King, Jr. Editar

O busto de sua cabeça e ombros tem 36 polegadas (91 cm) de altura e está sobre uma base piramidal de mármore preto belga com 66 polegadas (168 cm) de altura. Como o busto seria uma obra de arte tão importante e visível, o Comitê Conjunto da Biblioteca decidiu fazer um concurso nacional para selecionar um escultor.

Em 21 de dezembro de 1982, o Congresso aprovou a Resolução Concorrente da Câmara 153, que determinava a aquisição de um busto de mármore "para servir para comemorar as contribuições de King em questões como a legislação histórica da década de 1960 que afetava os direitos civis e o direito de voto". O senador Charles Mathias Jr., presidente do Comitê Conjunto da Biblioteca, o comitê do Congresso que supervisiona as aquisições, disse na inauguração que "Martin Luther King ocupa seu lugar de direito entre os heróis desta nação".

John Woodrow Wilson, o artista recebeu uma comissão de $ 50.000 para lançar o modelo em bronze. O busto foi revelado na Rotunda em 16 de janeiro de 1986, o quinquagésimo sétimo aniversário do nascimento de King, pela Sra. King, acompanhada por seus quatro filhos e a irmã de King. [16]

Sufrágio feminino Editar

Este monumento de retrato de grupo é formalmente conhecido como o Retrato Monumento a Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton e Susan B. Anthony, pioneiros do movimento sufragista feminino nos Estados Unidos. Seus esforços, e o trabalho de ativistas sufragistas posteriores como Alice Paul, eventualmente levaram à aprovação da 19ª Emenda em 1920. A obra foi esculpida por Adelaide Johnson (1859–1955) a partir de um bloco de mármore de 7.300 kg (16.000 libras) em Carrara, Itália. Os retratos são cópias dos bustos individuais que ela esculpiu para o Tribunal de Honra do Edifício da Mulher na Exposição Colombiana Mundial em 1893. Os bustos detalhados são cercados por mármore tosco no topo da escultura. Esta parte da estátua, de acordo com alguns, é deixada inacabada representando o trabalho inacabado dos direitos das mulheres. Ao contrário de uma história popular, a intenção não era que fosse concluída com a ascensão da primeira mulher presidente - a seção tosca é pequena demais para conter um busto proporcional. O monumento foi apresentado ao Capitólio como um presente das mulheres dos Estados Unidos pelo Partido Nacional da Mulher e foi aceito em nome do Congresso pelo Comitê Conjunto da Biblioteca em 10 de fevereiro de 1921. A cerimônia de inauguração foi realizada na Rotunda em 15 de fevereiro de 1921, o 101º aniversário do nascimento de Susan B. Anthony, e contou com a presença de representantes de mais de 70 organizações de mulheres. Logo após sua inauguração, no entanto, a estátua foi movida para a cripta do Capitólio. Permaneceu em exibição lá por 75 anos, até que o HCR 216 ordenou que fosse transferido para a Rotunda. A estátua foi colocada em seu local atual, na Rotunda, em maio de 1997. [17]


Abraham Lincoln entra na política

Lincoln ganhou a eleição para a Câmara dos Representantes dos EUA em 1846 e começou a cumprir seu mandato no ano seguinte. Como congressista, Lincoln foi impopular entre muitos eleitores de Illinois por sua forte postura contra a Guerra Mexicano-Americana. Prometendo não buscar a reeleição, ele retornou a Springfield em 1849.

Os eventos conspiraram para empurrá-lo de volta para a política nacional, no entanto: Douglas, um importante democrata no Congresso, empurrou a aprovação da Lei Kansas-Nebraska (1854), que declarava que os eleitores de cada território, ao invés do governo federal, tinha o direito de decidir se o território deveria ser escravo ou livre.

Em 16 de outubro de 1854, Lincoln foi a uma grande multidão em Peoria para debater os méritos da Lei Kansas-Nebraska com Douglas, denunciando a escravidão e sua extensão e chamando a instituição de uma violação dos princípios mais básicos da Declaração de Independência.

Com o Partido Whig em ruínas, Lincoln se juntou ao novo Partido Republicano & # x2013 formado em grande parte em oposição à extensão da escravidão & # x2019s para os territórios & # x2013 em 1856 e concorreu ao Senado novamente naquele ano (ele havia feito campanha sem sucesso pela cadeira em 1855 também) . Em junho, Lincoln fez seu agora famoso discurso & # x201Chouse dividido & # x201D, no qual ele citou os Evangelhos para ilustrar sua crença de que & # x201C este governo não pode resistir, permanentemente, meio escravo e meio livre. & # X201D

Lincoln então enfrentou Douglas em uma série de debates famosos, embora ele tenha perdido a eleição para o Senado, o desempenho de Lincoln & # x2019 fez sua reputação nacionalmente. & # XA0


Mark Twain pagou Grant para publicar suas memórias

O ex-general da Guerra Civil e presidente dos EUA Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885) senta-se (no centro, com cartola) para um retrato de família com sua esposa, Julia Dent Grant, e seus filhos e netos na casa de campo da família e aposs à beira-mar em Long Branch, New Jersey, por volta de 1883.

Oscar White / Corbis / VCG / Getty Images

Privado de suas propriedades e posses, Grant ainda reteve algo de grande valor & # x2014 suas lembranças de glórias passadas. Espreitando por trás do fa & # xE7ade taciturno estava um contador de histórias alegre que entretinha amigos como Mark Twain com histórias de guerra e política. & # x201CEnquanto pensamos em Grant como silencioso e reservado, ele era um contador de histórias cativante com uma sagacidade seca e um fundo de histórias pronto, & # x201D diz Ron Chernow, autor vencedor do Prêmio Pulitzer de Conceder .

Durante anos, Twain sugeriu que Grant escrevesse suas memórias. Agora destituído, o ex-presidente finalmente concordou em lucrar com sua celebridade. Precisando de um resgate financeiro depois de uma série de investimentos fracassados, o endividado Twain assinou um contrato com Grant com sua editora recém-inaugurada e deu-lhe um cheque de US $ 1.000 para cobrir as despesas de manutenção.

Envolvido em uma corrida furiosa contra o tempo enquanto o câncer atacava seu corpo, Grant vasculhou sua escrita com eficiência militar, produzindo até 10.000 palavras em um único dia. & # x201CGrant abordou suas memórias com a mesma coragem e determinação com que enfrentou suas batalhas na Guerra Civil, & # x201D diz Chernow, que também atua como produtor executivo da série de documentários HISTORY & # x2019s & # x201CGrant. & # x201D & # x201CAs nessas encontros, ele era completo e sistemático, um verdadeiro defensor da precisão e da verdade. Em sua casa, ele acumulou altas pilhas de pedidos e mapas que o ajudaram a recriar suas batalhas mais famosas com fidelidade minuciosa. Na guerra e por escrito, Grant tinha a capacidade mais incrível de canalizar toda a sua energia na busca de um único objetivo. & # X201D


Devon Archives and Local Studies Service (South West Heritage Trust)

  • NRA 44517 Abbey Road United Reformed Church, Torquay
  • NRA 9491 Abbey Unitarian Chapel, Tavistock link para o catálogo online
  • Família Abbott de Langtree e Frithelstock NRA 7473: livro de design do gesso & # 39s e papéis da família link para catálogo online
  • NRA 14687 Família Acland, baronetes, de Columb John: links de documentos de família e imóveis para o catálogo online
  • NRA 6749 família Acland, baronetes, de Columb John: misc corresp
  • NRA 24704 Acland Troyte família de Huntsham Court: ações e papéis link para o catálogo online
  • Família NRA 8747 Addington, Viscondes Sidmouth: família e documentos imobiliários
  • NRA 27889 Família Alford, agricultores, Netherexe Barton
  • Coleção paroquial de Alphington NRA 22202
  • NRA 40874 Alphington Women & # 39s Institute link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 18858 Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers: Devon branches link to online catalog
  • NRA 526 Srta. PK Ames: escrituras e papéis familiares
  • NRA 25998 Andrews, Son & amp Huxtable, advogados, Dorchester: Devon escrituras
  • NRA 22118 Agnes Anson (nee Acland): família corresp
  • NRA 6747 Anstey & amp Thompson, solicitadores, Exeter
  • NRA 38190 Anstey, Sargent & amp Probert, solicitadores, Exeter link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 40869 Ashburton and Buckfastleigh Hospital
  • NRA 8902 Ashburton e ações e papéis distritais, incluindo papéis de Woodley de Hansanger
  • NRA 9917 Ashburton Museum: link da coleção MS para o catálogo online
  • NRA 29577 Ashburton United Reformed Church
  • NRA 18550 Ashburton Urban District Council
  • NRA 29332 Família Atwill de Mamhead: misc corresp e papers link para catálogo online
  • NRA 44658 Awliscombe, Bampton e Cruwys Morchard (Devon) escrituras
  • NRA 33030 Axminster County Court link para catálogo online
  • NRA 25990 Axminster Rural District Council
  • NRA 27785 Família Baring-Gould de Lewtrenchard: corresp familiar e papéis
  • NRA 39159 Sabine Baring-Gould, antiquário, folclorista e redatora de hinos: corresp pessoal e familiar e artigos link para catálogo online
  • NRA 13518 família Barnewell de Norfolk: ações
  • NRA 11545 arquideaconaria Barnstaple
  • Instituições de caridade Barnstaple NRA 20058
  • NRA 30097 Beech House, South Molton
  • NRA 22192 Bent family of Bovey Tracey: corresp e papers link para catálogo online
  • Família NRA 14 Benthall, baronetes, de Benthall: família e documentos imobiliários
  • NRA 16791 Família Bernard de Crowcombe, Somerset: família e documentos imobiliários de Devon e Somerset
  • NRA 18616 Berry & amp Vincent Ltd, empreiteiros de construção, Crediton
  • NRA 12863 William Berry, Shilston: corresp com George Sharland
  • NRA 14770 Berrynarbour ações e papéis
  • NRA 12245 Família de pássaros, pedreiros, High Bickington: família e papéis de negócios
  • NRA 17334 famílias Bluett e Rayer de Holcombe Rogus
  • NRA 34803 Bodley Brothers & amp Co Ltd, fundadores de ferro e engenheiros, Exeter
  • NRA 16334 Body, Son & amp Fleury, agrimensores licenciados, Plymouth
  • NRA 35628 Bovey Tracey Manor link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 19153 Bovey Tracey Town Trust
  • Família Bowker NRA 38840 de Egland: ações e papéis
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  • Circuito Metodista NRA 26620 Brixham e Dartmouth
  • Registros de embarque NRA 43493 Brixham
  • NRA 11517 Broadclyst charities: ações link para catálogo online
  • Igreja Congregacional NRA 22184 Brook Street, Tavistock
  • Família NRA 12857 Bruton, Devon e Londres: família e papéis imobiliários
  • Circuitos NRA 17821 Buckfastleigh e Totnes Methodist
  • NRA 22790 Buckfastleigh Nursing Association
  • NRA 33754 Buckfastleigh United Reformed Church
  • NRA 18549 Buckfastleigh Urban District Council
  • NRA 25369 Budleigh Salterton Baptist Church
  • NRA 10269 Budleigh Salterton District Nurses & # 39 Association link para catálogo online
  • NRA 25988 Budleigh Salterton Urban District Council
  • Família Buller NRA 16965 de Crediton: família e documentos imobiliários
  • NRA 5821 Burrow & amp Co, advogados, Cullompton: papéis (incluindo os registros do Almirante Shield)
  • NRA 19156 Família Callard de ações de Stockland link para catálogo online
  • NRA 8075 Major BG Carew Hunt: Documentos senhoriais de Sidbury, escrituras e papéis
  • Coleção de documentos de dízimo de Carlile Davis NRA 9814 (principalmente cópias)
  • Família de carpinteiros NRA 44521 de Okehampton: escrituras, corresp, papéis e efêmeras
  • Família Carwithen NRA 6748: documentos de Devon e Newfoundland
  • NRA 4526 Família Cary da Abadia de Torre: documentos imobiliários
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  • NRA 35383 Chagford Combined Charity
  • Circuito Metodista de Chagford NRA 17819
  • Família Chappell NRA 22787 de Northam: ações e papéis
  • Comissão de caridade NRA 30438: links de contas de caridade da Devon para o catálogo online
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  • NRA 12866 famílias Chichester, Nott e Knight: família e papéis imobiliários
  • NRA 38193 Chudleigh United Reformed Church
  • Igreja Congregacional NRA 25980 Chulmleigh
  • NRA 42233 Chulmleigh Rural Deanery
  • NRA 12869 Church Commissioners: Devon and Cornwall ações e mapas
  • NRA 30093 CR Claridge & amp Sons Ltd, comerciantes de madeira e concessionários de veículos motorizados, Exeter e Heythrop, Oxon
  • NRA 15442 Clovelly Court Estate (famílias Cary e Hamlyn)
  • Famílias Collinssplatt e Splatt NRA 20062 de Brixton e Exeter: ações e papéis
  • NRA 35372 Igreja Metodista Colyton
  • NRA 14692 ações da Combe Martin e arrendamentos de mineração
  • NRA 30911 Commercial Union Assurance Co Ltd, incluindo papéis da West of England Fire & amp Life Insurance Co, Exeter
  • NRA 16369 Família Compton, Marqueses de Northampton: links dos papéis imobiliários de Devon para o catálogo online
  • Família Comyns de Madeira NRA 14086: escrituras e documentos de família link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 14611 John Cook: ações Sticklepath
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  • NRA 9294 Edward Copleston, reitor de Oriel, bispo de Llandaff e decano de St Paul & # 39s: correspondência
  • NRA 38841 Tenente-Coronel Thomas Herbert Corkery: corresp pessoal e familiar e papéis link para catálogo online
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  • NRA 13839 Crediton Church Corporation Trust
  • Escrituras NRA 18717 Crediton
  • NRA 31819 Crediton Rural District Council
  • NRA 5483 Crediton Urban District Council
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  • Família Cruwys de Cruwys Morchard NRA 14735: notas de história da família
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  • NRA 12856 Cullompton Petty Sessions
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  • NRA 19036 Dawlish Urban District Council
  • NRA 32561 Devon & amp Exeter Savings Bank
  • NRA 35381 Devon and Cornwall Architectural Society: filial de Exeter
  • NRA 24647 Devon and Cornwall Congregational Union
  • NRA 26624 Devon e Cornwall Record Society
  • NRA 33785 Devon Area Health Authority
  • Instituições de caridade NRA 16324 Devon
  • NRA 29590 Devon Constabulary
  • NRA 9312 Devon conselho municipal e sessões trimestrais
  • NRA 12925 Devon County Gaol escrituras
  • NRA 22788 Devon Federation of Young Farmers Clubs
  • NRA 9918 Devon Land Tax Commissioners
  • NRA 39336 Tribunais de magistrados de Devon
  • NRA 22182 Registros de batismo e casamento metodista de Devon
  • NRA 25131 Mid Devon Petty Sessions
  • NRA 17840 Devon National Trust: escrituras
  • NRA 26621 North Devon District Council
  • NRA 9816 Devon Parish Councils & # 39 Association
  • Paróquias de Devon NRA 29463
  • NRA 22012 Devon Petty Sessions link para catálogo online
  • NRA 4613 Devon Record Office: acessos diversos
  • Escolas NRA 30095 Devon
  • NRA 17774 Devon: registros de embarque e pesca
  • NRA 9919 Devon (South Molton): Registradores Superintendentes
  • NRA 13525 Devon Territorial and Auxiliary Forces Association
  • Trusts NRA 7913 Devon Turnpike
  • Documentos do tribunal do vice-almirantado de Devon NRA 7491
  • Associação NRA 9296 Devon Women & # 39s Hockey
  • NRA 14267 Devonshire Nursing Association
  • NRA 29338 Digby Hospital, Exeter
  • Igreja Congregacional NRA 24701 Dittisham
  • NRA 10927 Dodbrooke feoffees
  • Família Drake NRA 6713 da Abadia de Buckland: família e papéis imobiliários
  • Família Drake NRA 13842 de Colyton: família e papéis imobiliários
  • NRA 10257 Dunning & amp Co, solicitors, Honiton
  • Família NRA 7474 Durnsford de Teignmouth: links de bens e papéis da família para o catálogo online
  • NRA 33753 East Devon District Council
  • NRA 37028 East Devon Hunt
  • NRA 11644 East Devon Society of Friends
  • NRA 25132 East Devon Petty Sessions link para o catálogo online
  • Família NRA 8513 Edgcumbe de Milton Abbot e Tavistock: ações e papéis
  • NRA 30909 Electrical Association for Women: Ilfracombe, Tavistock e Torquay branches link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 19164 Família Eliott, Barons Heathfield: links dos papéis imobiliários de Yarcombe para o catálogo online
  • NRA 10928 família Elliott de Modbury: títulos e papéis link para o catálogo online
  • Família NRA 14321 Ellis da família Chagford e papéis imobiliários link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 25996 Família inglesa de Bradford: links para documentos de família, negócios e imóveis para o catálogo online
  • NRA 19126 Ennions, solicitors, Newmarket: Devon deeds
  • NRA 6144 Comandante AN Eversley-Green: Kingsbridge, Devon ações
  • Hospital NRA 34515 Exe Vale, Exminster
  • NRA 26622 Exeter e East Devon Coroner
  • NRA 8904 Exeter Archdeaconry
  • NRA 29580 Exeter Art Society
  • NRA 25140 Exeter Assembleia de Divinos (presbiteriana)
  • NRA 24644 Exeter Castle Savings Association
  • NRA 17268 Exeter City
  • NRA 31736 Exeter City Library: coleção MS
  • NRA 39443 Exeter City Police
  • NRA 6830 Exeter: Companhia de Tecelões, Tuckers e Shearmen
  • NRA 33096 Exeter - Alfândega e impostos especiais de consumo
  • NRA 24702 Exeter Comitê Consultivo Diocesano para o Cuidado das Igrejas
  • NRA 5543 Exeter diocese
  • NRA 44513 Exeter Dispensary
  • NRA 23505 Exeter Drama League
  • Voluntários de rifle NRA 7911 First (Exeter e South Devon)
  • NRA 30910 Exeter Ladies Hockey Club
  • NRA 33782 Exeter Law Library Society
  • NRA 29589 Exeter leats
  • NRA 26244 Exeter Medical Benefit Society
  • Circuito Metodista NRA 27574 Exeter
  • NRA 38842 Exeter Municipal Charities
  • NRA 36251 Exeter Oratorio Society
  • NRA 38195 Exeter Port Health Authority
  • NRA 10930 Exeter Turnpike Trust
  • NRA 38191 Exeter, Teign Valley & amp Chagford Railway Co Ltd link para o catálogo online
  • Circuito metodista NRA 19495 Exmouth e Budleigh Salterton
  • NRA 25989 Exmouth Urban District Council link para catálogo online
  • NRA 27891 Farringdon House School
  • NRA 33756 Feoffees de St Sidwell, Exeter
  • Família NRA 875 Ferguson-Davie, baronetes, de Creedy: família e documentos imobiliários
  • NRA 44512 Flavel United Reformed Church, Dartmouth
  • NRA 29584 Sir William Webb Follett, procurador-geral: diversos documentos jurídicos
  • Família Ford de Branscombe NRA 17839: links para documentos de família e imóveis para o catálogo online
  • NRA 9920 Ford, Simey & amp Ford, advogados, Exeter: Johnson of Winkleigh e outras propriedades
  • Família NRA 6304 Fortescue, Earls Fortescue: links para documentos de família e imóveis para o catálogo online
  • Família Fox NRA 25981 de Barnstaple e Plymouth: corresp
  • NRA 7914 FR Jeffery, advogado, Worcester: papéis
  • NRA 8753 French & amp Co (comerciantes de milho e forragem), Exeter: registros comerciais e jornais da família French and Darby
  • NRA 5363 famílias francesas e irlandesas de Ashburton: documentos
  • NRA 25518 Elizabeth Fry, reformadora da prisão: família corresp
  • NRA 19165 Thomas Fulford: aluguel senhorial (Devon e Somerset)
  • NRA 40876 Família Furse de Halsdon: links dos papéis da família e da propriedade para o catálogo online
  • NRA 13840 Furse, Sanders & amp Frith, advogados, South Molton link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 27875 Louis Gale, construtores de iates, Paignton link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 22194 Garton & amp King, fundidores de ferro, Exeter link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 25997 George & # 39s Meeting, Exeter link para o catálogo online
  • Família Gerry NRA 4801 de Sampford Peverell: Bradford Farm papers
  • NRA 14688 Famílias Gichard e West: escrituras (vários condados) link para o catálogo online
  • Família NRA 13521 Gidley de Gidleigh: ações e papéis
  • NRA 1168 RW Goddard: ações e papéis de Devon e Somerset
  • NRA 4217 Goldingham & amp Jotcham, advogados, Wotton under Edge: Devon deeds
  • NRA 14167 Família Gould de ações e papéis da Abadia de Pilton link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 17816 Grand Western Canal link para catálogo online
  • Família Granger NRA 35384 de Exeter: escrituras, família e papéis comerciais
  • Família NRA 8671 Grendon de Drewsteignton, Sampford Courtenay e Oxenham, South Tawton: ações e papéis
  • Família Guppy NRA 7475 de Sidbury: família e documentos imobiliários
  • NRA 8751 WB Hallett: escrituras e registros agrícolas da Fazenda Gulliford (Woodbury, Devon)
  • NRA 6746 Halwill ações
  • NRA 42244 Família Hare, baronetes, de Stow Bardolph: papéis imobiliários de Cadhay
  • NRA 22201 Joanna Harper (nee Troyte): diários, corresp e artigos link para catálogo online
  • Família NRA 30439 Harris de Hayne: família e documentos imobiliários
  • Circuito Metodista NRA 17837 Hatherleigh
  • NRA 6685 Hawkmoor Estate, Hennock e Bovey Tracey link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 32168 F Hearn Ltd, comerciantes de couro, Exeter
  • NRA 30634 John Heathcoat & amp Co Ltd, fabricantes de rendas e têxteis, Tiverton
  • NRA 32565 Conselho Distrital Urbano de Heavitree
  • NRA 10929 Sibyl Heeley, escritora: misc corresp e papers link para catálogo online
  • NRA 14322 Família Hellings de Sampford Peverell e Tiverton: ações e papéis
  • NRA 12799 Highweek deeds
  • NRA 22773 Hinton Lake & amp Son Ltd, distribuidores de químicos, Exeter
  • Associação histórica NRA 22195: filial de Exeter
  • Associação histórica NRA 36944: filial de Torbay
  • NRA 5366 Hittisleigh deeds
  • NRA 17321 Família Hogg de ações e papéis de Fremington
  • Registros NRA 33699 de Holcombe Rogus manor
  • NRA 22789 Hole família de Bow: ações e papéis
  • NRA 5984 Hole família de Parke: documentos imobiliários
  • NRA 27159 Dorothy Holman de Topsham: links dos diários para o catálogo online
  • NRA 22196 Holman Ham & amp Co, farmácias, Exmouth link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 35373 Honiton Borough
  • NRA 12581 Honiton: papéis da família Gidley e escrituras do Swan Inn
  • NRA 25987 Honiton Rural District Council
  • Documentos de solicitadores da Honiton NRA 26613
  • NRA 17851 Família Hooper de Chagford: papéis imobiliários
  • Família Hucklebridge de Exeter NRA 44519: escrituras, bens, documentos testamentários e diversos link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 20064 Família Huyshe de Sand e Clyst Hydon: família e papéis imobiliários
  • NRA 7915 Iddesleigh Friendly Society link para catálogo online
  • NRA 12584 Família Ilbert de Bowringsleigh: corresp de família e propriedade e links de documentos para o catálogo online
  • NRA 7616 Família Incledon-Webber de Buckland: ações e papéis
  • NRA 5369 H James, agrimensor: mapas e planos de mineração de Devon
  • Família NRA 26612 Johnson de Winkleigh: família e documentos imobiliários
  • NRA 5011 RJ Julyan: mapas e documentos imobiliários de Tremayne
  • NRA 17320 Família Karslake de South Molton: títulos e papéis link para o catálogo online
  • Família NRA 5364 Kekewich de Peamore House: documentos diversos
  • NRA 9463 Família Kennaway, baronetes, de Escot: links dos papéis da família e da propriedade para o catálogo online
  • NRA 22183 Kerswell United Reformed Church
  • Família Kiddle NRA 12853, Crediton: ações e papéis
  • NRA 25985 Kilmington Baptist Church link para catálogo online
  • NRA 38171 Frank Hawker Kingdon, vigário de Bridgerule: diários link para catálogo online
  • NRA 27892 Kingsbridge e Salcombe Methodist Circuit link para catálogo online
  • NRA 7891 Kingsbridge feoffees
  • NRA 36254 Kingsbridge Petty Sessions
  • NRA 25540 Kingsbridge Urban District Council
  • NRA 17852 Kinnear & amp Co, solicitadores, Swindon: Devon deeds
  • NRA 35376 Kitsons, solicitors, Torquay
  • NRA 44515 Lakeway United Reformed Church, North Tawton link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 16860 Landkey feoffees
  • Família NRA 6149 Langley e documentos imobiliários
  • NRA 22197 Lawrence Graham & amp Co, solicitors, London: Martinhoe deeds and papers link para catálogo online
  • NRA 22198 Família de Lee de Ebford: ações e papéis
  • Família Ley de Trehill NRA 1189: família e documentos imobiliários
  • NRA 33017 Frank Leyman & amp Son, relojoeiros e joalheiros, Heavitree link para o catálogo online
  • NRA 13526 família Lillicrap de Sampford Spiney: links de artigos para o catálogo online
  • NRA 36250 Loddiswell Manor
  • NRA 44516 London Bible Christian (Methodist) Circuit: atas e lista de propriedades link para catálogo online
  • NRA 38838 London Devonian Association
  • NRA 27161 Lucas, Roberts & amp Brown, arquitetos e topógrafos, Exeter
  • NRA 17721 Luxmoore family of Okehampton: family and estate papers
  • NRA 22115 Luxton family of Winkleigh: deeds and estate papers
  • NRA 12858 Lympstone manorial documents link to online catalogue
  • NRA 192 Mrs A Malet-Veale: deeds and papers (Devon and various counties)
  • NRA 7028 Mallock family of Cockington: family and estate papers
  • NRA 11978 Mamhead deeds
  • NRA 22114 Maples, Teesdale & Co, solrs, London: Bishopsnympton and district deeds and papers
  • NRA 12567 Marcy, Hemingway & Sons, solicitors, Bewdley: Devon deeds and legal papers (Harvey, Wolrige and Nic
  • NRA 10931 Marker family of Combe: family and estate papers
  • NRA 7284 Marwood-Elton family of Widworthy: estate papers
  • NRA 5341 TP Maslen collection
  • NRA 12639 Mason Tucker (solrs), Ashburton
  • NRA 23948 Samuel Merivale: corresp link to online catalogue
  • NRA 5367 Sir Godwin Michelmore: family and estate papers
  • NRA 8073 Michelmore, Loveys & Carter, land agents, Totnes
  • NRA 31737 Michelmores, solicitors, Exeter: clients papers
  • NRA 30094 Mills Bros, ironmongers, Crediton link to online catalogue
  • NRA 12845 Milton South deeds
  • NRA 6682 Modbury Institute link to online catalogue
  • NRA 12871 Molton North: Daniel trustees
  • NRA 34516 Moreton Rural Deanery
  • NRA 40356 Moretonhampstead Rural Deanery
  • NRA 40949 Morice family, baronets, of Werrington: estate papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 22199 National Savings Movement: Devon Committees
  • NRA 40357 National Union of Teachers: Teign and Dart branch
  • NRA 23511 National Union of Vehicle Builders: Plymouth branch
  • NRA 43680 SH Neck & Co, solicitors, Moretonhampstead: clients' papers
  • NRA 33059 New family of Craddock House: deeds and papers
  • NRA 17825 JH Newcombe & Co, solicitors, Okehampton link to online catalogue
  • NRA 10956 Newton Abbot Methodist Circuit
  • NRA 27887 Newton Abbot United Reformed Church link to online catalogue
  • NRA 18548 Newton Abbot Urban District Council
  • NRA 6750 Northcote family, Earls of Iddesleigh: estate papers
  • NRA 15443 Northlew Methodist Circuit
  • NRA 38170 Okehampton and District Citizens Advice Bureau
  • NRA 21426 Okehampton Borough
  • NRA 14729 Okehampton Methodist Circuit
  • NRA 40867 Okehampton Petty Sessions
  • NRA 34517 Okehampton Rural Deanery
  • NRA 33026 Old Meeting, Sidmouth
  • NRA 13520 Ottery rural deanery
  • NRA 24636 Ottery St Mary United Reformed Church
  • NRA 25133 Ottery St Mary Urban District Council link to online catalogue
  • NRA 27158 Packer & Son, builders, Exeter link to online catalogue
  • NRA 34523 Paish & Co (1937) Ltd, musical instrument dealers, Torquay link to online catalogue
  • NRA 11977 Palk family, Barons Haldon: Devon deeds and papers
  • NRA 34802 F Parkin & Sons Ltd, ironfounders, Exeter
  • NRA 9464 Partridge family of Nymet Rowland
  • NRA 14089 Pedler family of Zeal Monachorum family and estate papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 6310 Penny & Harward, solicitors, Tiverton
  • NRA 29334 Perryman family of Chagford: family and business papers
  • NRA 9922 Peter Peter & Sons, solicitors, Holsworthy, Devon and Launceston, Cornwall
  • NRA 1563 Petre family, Barons Petre: Devon deeds
  • NRA 9466 Petre family, Barons Petre: estate papers (Devon and various counties)
  • NRA 11884 Pitts family of South Allington deeds and papers
  • NRA 19154 Plymouth and Exeter Methodist District
  • NRA 23521 Plymouth and Totnes archdeaconries
  • NRA 12243 Plymstock and District Nursing Association
  • NRA 986 Ponsford family of Drewsteignton: family and estate papers
  • NRA 14270 Pope family of Bow: diaries and papers
  • NRA 7477 Pope family of Coplestone: family and estate papers
  • NRA 8903 Pope family of Horwell deeds link to online catalogue
  • NRA 38837 J & SP Pope, solicitors, Exeter
  • NRA 5732 Pownoll family of Sharpham: estate papers
  • NRA 44522 Pratt family of Kentisbeare: deeds, leases and wills
  • NRA 12797 Pratt family of Prattshayes: family and estate papers
  • NRA 5378 WA Prideaux: Bampton and district deeds and papers
  • NRA 22193 Princess Elizabeth Orthopaedic Hospital, Exeter link to online catalogue
  • NRA 7478 Prowse family of Dartmouth: deeds and papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 38839 Pullin family of Halberton: deeds and papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 25370 Henry Quick & Co, leather merchants, Exeter link to online catalogue
  • NRA 6476 Quicke family of Newton St Cyres: family and estate papers
  • NRA 29333 Ursula V Radford: corresp and papers as member of Exeter Diocesan Advisory Committee
  • NRA 25372 JB Reed & Co, farmers and wool merchants, Great Torrington
  • NRA 33755 Reynell family of Forde House: family and estate papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 11961 Rippon & Boswell, auctioneers and valuers, Exeter: sale particulars
  • NRA 14728 Rock Assurance Co: Devon family trusts
  • NRA 26611 Roger Thorne: Devon Methodist collection
  • NRA 29583 ET Rogers & Sons, monumental masons, Exeter
  • NRA 2701 Rolle family, Barons Rolle: estate papers
  • NRA 21152 Roskilly family of Tavistock: misc deeds and papers
  • NRA 22200 Rowe family of Lamerton: deeds and papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 35627 Royal British Legion: Devon branches
  • NRA 6683 Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital, Exeter
  • NRA 14266 John Rundle, banker, Tavistock: personal and Gill family corresp and papers
  • NRA 10492 Russell family, Dukes of Bedford: Beds, Devon and Cornwall estates
  • NRA 9813 Russell family, Dukes of Bedford: Devon, Cornwall and Dorset estates
  • NRA 24703 Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church, Exeter link to online catalogue
  • NRA 34520 Salter family of Newlands Farm, Broadclyst: business and family papers
  • NRA 21153 Saunders family of Payhembury: misc deeds and papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 9815 Savery family: Venn estate link to online catalogue
  • NRA 5362 Scott Tucker family of Bowden: misc estate papers
  • NRA 14320 Scott-Tucker family of Bowden: family and estate papers
  • NRA 16363 Seale family, baronets of Mount Boone: deeds and papers
  • NRA 25991 Seaton Urban District Council
  • NRA 12798 Edward Adolphus Seymour, 12th Duke of Somerset: corresp and family papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 32135 Seymour family, Dukes of Somerset: family and estate papers
  • NRA 17818 Shobrooke Estate
  • NRA 11519 Short family of Bickham: family and estate papers
  • NRA 20063 Sidmouth and Bridport Methodist Circuit
  • NRA 10926 Sidmouth deeds and papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 9988 Sidmouth Urban District Council
  • NRA 12870 Simcoe family of Wolford: family, political and estate papers
  • NRA 17853 Sitwell, Money & Murdoch, solicitors: Devon deeds
  • NRA 23516 H Smith & Co, furnishers, Exmouth
  • NRA 9295 Snell family of Loosebeare, Zeal Monachorum: deeds and family papers
  • NRA 19037 Society of Genealogists: Devon deeds
  • NRA 12579 Somerset Archaeological Society: Devon deeds
  • NRA 22181 South Molton Methodist Circuit link to online catalogue
  • NRA 23519 South Molton Shirt and Collar Manufacturing Co Ltd
  • NRA 15453 South Western Gas Board: Devon gas companies link to online catalogue
  • NRA 1132 Southcomb family of Rose Ash: family and estate papers
  • NRA 30907 Southern National Omnibus Co Ltd link to online catalogue
  • NRA 29331 St Luke's College, Exeter
  • NRA 33015 St Thomas Urban District Council
  • NRA 7471 St Thomas Rural District Council
  • NRA 43126 Starcross Women's Institute link to online catalogue
  • NRA 505 Mrs Stenner: Elmore, Tiverton (Devon) deeds
  • NRA 13681 Stevens & Sons, solicitors
  • NRA 12846 Stockland charities link to online catalogue
  • NRA 44518 Stoke Gabriel Womens Institute: minutes and accounts
  • NRA 22117 WH Stone & Co, solicitors, Exeter link to online catalogue
  • NRA 32507 WH Stone & Co, solicitors, Exeter: Devon deeds link to online catalogue
  • NRA 42234 HW Stott, chemist, Torquay link to online catalogue
  • NRA 14323 Stowford deeds and papers
  • NRA 19504 Studd family of Oxton: estate papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 18680 Sumner, land agent, Bideford link to online catalogue
  • NRA 11443 Swimbridge Charity lands link to online catalogue
  • NRA 19040 Tanner family deeds and estate papers
  • NRA 17817 Tattershall family of Exbourne: family and estate papers
  • NRA 14755 Tavistock and district mining maps
  • NRA 17822 Tavistock Methodist Circuit
  • NRA 33024 Tavistock Rural Deanery
  • NRA 12844 Tavistock workhouse link to online catalogue
  • NRA 22166 Teignbridge Petty Sessions
  • NRA 14736 Teignmouth and Dawlish hospitals
  • NRA 10950 Teignmouth and Dawlish turnpike trust
  • NRA 4536 Teignmouth Harbour Commission
  • NRA 17820 Teignmouth Methodist Circuit
  • NRA 12572 Teignmouth Urban District Council
  • NRA 17319 Templer family of Lyndridge: family and estate papers
  • NRA 6044 Thomas, Mossop & Mossop solicitors, Ottery St Mary link to online catalogue
  • NRA 14780 Thompson, Whitton & Laing, estate agents, Exeter
  • NRA 27888 Thorverton Baptist Church link to online catalogue
  • NRA 14737 Tiverton and District Hospital
  • NRA 17738 Tiverton Baptist Church link to online catalogue
  • NRA 33025 Tiverton Borough link to online catalogue
  • NRA 36249 Tiverton Division Liberal Association link to online catalogue
  • NRA 33029 Tiverton Infectious Diseases Hospital link to online catalogue
  • NRA 9817 Tiverton Land Tax Commissioners
  • NRA 19493 Tiverton Methodist Circuit
  • NRA 22791 Tiverton rural deanery
  • NRA 33012 Tiverton Rural District Council
  • NRA 5484 Tiverton Trusts
  • NRA 44520 Tiverton Turnpike Trust:: trustees' declarations, accounts, corresp, statutes
  • NRA 14269 Toogood family of Awliscombe: farming diary and commonplace book
  • NRA 13515 Topsham local history collection
  • NRA 25979 Topsham River Commissioners
  • NRA 22185 Topsham Unitarian Chapel
  • NRA 25994 Torbay County Borough Council link to online catalogue
  • NRA 35624 Torbay Petty Sessions
  • NRA 30908 Torquay Cemetery Co
  • NRA 36945 Torquay Citizens Advice Bureau
  • NRA 8593 Torquay Natural History Society
  • NRA 8673 Torquay Public Library: MS collection
  • NRA 19128 Torbay Methodist Circuit
  • NRA 42243 Torquay Unitarian Church
  • NRA 29582 Totnes and Bridgetown Pomeroy Turnpike Trust
  • NRA 19650 Totnes Borough
  • NRA 16321 Totnes Borough Museum
  • NRA 11454 Totnes deeds (Clayton MSS)
  • NRA 36256 Totnes Petty Sessions
  • NRA 33023 Totnes Rural Deanery
  • NRA 25368 Totnes Rural District Council
  • NRA 27575 Totnes United Free Church link to online catalogue
  • NRA 25367 Totnes Urban District Council
  • NRA 5623 Tremayne family of Heligan and Sydenham: family and estate papers
  • NRA 25371 Trist family of Tristford: deeds and misc family papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 38192 Anna Georgina Trollope, Lady Trollope: corresp and papers
  • NRA 19163 Tucker & Son, solicitors, Ashburton
  • NRA 6709 Tucker family of Kilmington: family and estate papers
  • NRA 9546 Commander LG Turner: deeds and manorial documents (various counties)
  • NRA 16315 Two Bridges Hotel, Dartmoor link to online catalogue
  • NRA 2590 AC Tyndale: one Norfolk and one Devon deed
  • NRA 26245 Ugborough Congregational Church
  • NRA 27160 Upcott family of Cullompton: family and estate papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 14742 Uplyme deeds and papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 25539 Vallance's Brewery, Sidmouth
  • NRA 661 Nicholas Vere papers and Barton St David (Somerset) deeds
  • NRA 25134 HC Wakefield & Son, clothiers, Tiverton link to online catalogue
  • NRA 21154 Walrond family of Bradfield and Baring of Mount Radford, Exeter St Leonard: estate and misc family
  • NRA 16323 Mrs K Crabb Watt, antiquary: Devon local history collection
  • NRA 40358 Watts, Blake, Bearne & Co plc, clay and ceramic raw material mfrs, Newton Abbot link to online catalogue
  • NRA 18551 Weakes family of Chagford: family and estate papers
  • NRA 33016 West Devon Borough Council link to online catalogue
  • NRA 14738 West of England Eye Infirmary, Exeter link to online catalogue
  • NRA 18856 Whitestone Charity deeds
  • NRA 6042 Widecombe estate link to online catalogue
  • NRA 5368 Willand and district: deeds and papers
  • NRA 24635 Wills family of Ilsington: deeds and papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 25517 Windeat family of North Bovey: deeds link to online catalogue
  • NRA 44659 Windeatt & Windeatt, solicitors, Ashburton and Totnes, client papers
  • NRA 17842 Windeatt & Windeatt, solicitors, Totnes link to online catalogue
  • NRA 29335 Frederic Thomas Wintle, rector of Bere Ferrers: antiquarian corresp and papers
  • NRA 31421 J Wippell & Co Ltd, clerical outfitters, robe makers and church furnishers, Exeter
  • NRA 5370 Wollocombe family of Bridestowe: deeds and papers
  • NRA 44509 Wonford Baptist Church, Exeter
  • NRA 6684 Wonford House Hospital, Exeter link to online catalogue
  • NRA 14085 Wood & Haynes, solicitors, Torquay
  • NRA 15444 Woodbury deeds
  • NRA 14749 Wrey family, baronets, of Trebitch (Cornwall) and Tawstock: estate papers
  • NRA 19166 Major JA Wright, architect, Musbury: papers
  • NRA 13519 CA Wroth of Ugborough: personal and executors' papers
  • NRA 38166 Wyatt & Bruce Ltd, animal feed compounders, Bovey Tracey link to online catalogue
  • NRA 18612 Edward Yarde of Churston Court: legal papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 5401 Yarde family of Bradley: deeds and papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 11887 Yarde-Buller family, Barons Churston: deeds and papers link to online catalogue
  • NRA 15450 Miss G York (local historian of Bickington and Sidmouth) corresp and working papers
  • NRA 19160 James Young (clerk and purser) naval diaries

Whitney Houston's Death: 9 Surprising Details in Coroner's Report

Coroner confirms initial finding of accidental drowning.

Whitney Houston: Cause of Death Revealed

April 5, 2012— -- The final details of pop icon Whitney Houston's Feb. 11 death provide a clearer picture of the scene where the star was found face down in a water-filled bathtub with drug paraphernalia near by, and confirms the coroner's initial report that she died of accidental drowning.

The Los Angeles County coroner's 42-page report also reveals some unknown and often surprising details about the singer at the time of her death, along with what was found in her hotel room at the Beverly Hilton, and gives glimpses of the addictions that plagued one of the greatest singer's of her time.

A "small spoon with a white crystal like substance in it and a rolled-up piece of white paper" were found in the bathroom where Houston died, according to the coroner's report. Such items are used to snort cocaine.

"Some people use a spoon for cocaine administration," a law enforcement official involved in Houston's case said. "These days it's likely around for meth, which was not found at the scene, according to the investigator, so likely used as inhalation tool."

Previous reports said traces of cocaine and prescription medications were in her system. Both the initial and final reports stated that blood tests indicate that she smoked marijuana within two weeks before her death. Marijuana is legal in California if used for medicinal purposes.

Forensic toxicologist Bruce Goldberger said the details about her blood from the toxicology report indicate that she was "acutely intoxicated from cocaine" at the time of her death and was a "repeated cocaine user."

A "plethora of prescription medication bottles" were found in the room, according to the final report. The final report lists a total of 12 different medications, including anti-anxiety medication Xanax, and muscle relaxer Flexeril, prescribed from five different doctors.

Goldberger described the level of prescription drugs in her system as "mild" and said Xanax did not contribute to her death.

An open bottle of champagne also sat on the mini-bar and an open can of beer was on a table. There was also a bottle of beer on a nightstand and several loose tablets.

Houston's family has expressed surprise that she was using drugs again. In an interview with Oprah Winfrey, sister-in-law Pat Houston attributed Whitney's downfall to a lifestyle change where she saw Whitney "chasing a dream . looking for comfort, love . and it was younger."

She said that Whitney was chasing someone "that would ultimately hurt her."

While admitting she was concerned about the singer's behavior at a party two nights before her death, Pat Houston told Winfrey that she didn't think the star was abusing drugs in her final days.

But after the initial toxicology report was released, Houston wrote in a statement to The Associated Press: "We are saddened to learn of the toxicology results, although we are glad to now have closure."

The Missing Items

The coroner reported that when found in her room at the Beverly Hilton, Houston's purse contained her wallet, but the "decedent's California driver's license had been removed from the wallet, which was inside the purse, prior to my arrival."

"Also prior to my arrival, the majority of the decedent's prescription medication bottles had been removed from a brown bag that was on top of the table in the southeast corner of the living room, and then placed on top of that same table," the report reads.

It has been determined that no foul play was involved in the singer's death.

Implantes mamários

It is unclear how many plastic surgeries Houston underwent throughout her life, but it now seems clear that she did at some point undergo breast-augmentation surgery. The coroner's report described and "small scars" on her breasts "associated with breast implants."

"The outlines of bilateral breast prosthesis are visible," the report added.

Defibrillator

According to the coroner's report, "there was a defibrillator patch on the upper right side of her chest and there was another defibrillator patch on the upper right side of her torso."

This does not likely indicate therapeutic treatment for Houston's heart, but shows that part of the life-saving efforts administered by paramedics was likely the use of a defibrillator to establish normal sinus rhythm to Houston's heart.

Another piece of new information from Wednesday's report is that Houston wore a brown wig, which was tightly affixed to her head at the time of her death.

Houston also wore dentures, the coroner's report indicated. This is relatively common among long-term drug abusers. Habitual use of drugs such as crack cocaine, which contains acidic chemicals, will lead to the wearing down of the tooth's pulpy tissue over time. Tooth decay can also be the result of vomiting and tooth grinding, which is common among drug and alcohol abusers.

Multiple Cigarette Butts

The coroner said that mild emphysema was detected in Houston. Houston's voice was the gift she left for her fans, but sadly for her she was losing her beautiful voice at the time of her death. From the final report, it now seems clear that not only did she struggle with illegal drugs and alcohol, but she was unable to stop smoking.

Water Temperature-Minor Abrasions on Face

Houston was discovered by her assistant the afternoon of Feb. 11 face down in a water-filled bathtub with a "bloody purge coming from her nose" and, according to the report, "there were two superficial abrasions to the left side of her forehead, and there was a superficial abrasion to the left side of the bridge of her nose."

Forensic pathologist Cyril Wecht said he does not fully concur with the final anatomical diagnoses on Houston, noting that the water in her tub at the Beverly Hilton was extremely hot at 93.5 degrees. He believes this indicates that Houston was not sitting in her tub, and somehow accidentally drowned.

"I think that she fell into this very hot water, that accounts for a little bruise that was seen in the left forehead area, some other pressure markings on the face, including the slight laceration of the lip, and the fact that she is lying face down," Wecht told ABC News. "I think that this lady fell into the water, she was unconscious, dead or dying when she fell into the tub.

"I do not believe that the death was due to drowning," he added, "although I cannot rule out that she could've been in the agonal moments and with her head submerged in water that certainly could have contributed to her death."


Frida Kahlo and her paintings


Mexican artist Frida Kahlo is remembered for her self-portraits, pain and passion, and bold, vibrant colors. She is celebrated in Mexico for her attention to Mexican and indigenous culture and by feminists for her depiction of the female experience and form.

Kahlo, who suffered from polio as a child, nearly died in a bus accident as a teenager. She suffered multiple fractures of her spine, collarbone and ribs, a shattered pelvis, broken foot and a dislocated shoulder. She began to focus heavily on painting while recovering in a body cast. In her lifetime, she had 30 operations.

Life experience is a common theme in Kahlo's approximately 200 paintings, sketches and drawings. Her physical and emotional pain are depicted starkly on canvases, as is her turbulent relationship with her husband, fellow artist Diego Rivera, who she married twice. Of her 143 paintings, 55 are self-portraits.

The devastation to her body from the bus accident is shown in stark detail in The Broken Column. Kahlo is depicted nearly naked, split down the middle, with her spine presented as a broken decorative column. Her skin is dotted with nails. She is also fitted with a surgical brace.

Kahlo's first self-portrait was Self-Portrait in a Velvet Dress in 1926. It was painted in the style of 19th Century Mexican portrait painters who themselves were greatly influenced by the European Renaissance masters. She also sometimes drew from the Mexican painters in her use of a background of tied-back drapes. Self-Portrait - Time Flies (1929), Portrait of a Woman in White (1930) and Self-Portrait Dedicated to Leon Trotsky (1937) all bear this background.

In her second-self portrait, "Time Flies," Kahlo uses a folk style and vibrant colors. She wears peasant clothing, and the red, white and green in the painting are the colors of the Mexican flag.

During her life, self portrait is a subject that Frida Kahlo always returns to, as artists have always returned to their beloved themes - Vincent van Gogh his Sunflowers, Rembrandt his Self Portrait, and Claude Monet his Water Lilies.

I paint self-portraits because I am so often alone, because I am the person I know best." - Frida Kahlo

Frida and Diego: Love and Pain

Kahlo and Rivera had a tumultuous relationship, marked by multiple affairs on both sides. Self-Portrait With Cropped Hair (1940), Kahlo is depicted in a man's suit, holding a pair of scissors, with her fallen hair around the chair in which she sits. This represents the times she would cut the hair Rivera loved when he had affairs.

The 1937 painting Memory, the Heart, shows Kahlo's pain over her husband's affair with her younger sister Christina. A large broken heart at her feet shows the intensity of Kahlo's anguish. Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera divorced in 1939, but reunited a year later and remarried. The Two Fridas (1939) depicts Kahlo twice, shortly after the divorce. One Frida wears a costume from the Tehuana region of Mexico, representing the Frida that Diego loved. The other Frida wears a European dress as the woman who Diego betrayed and rejected. Later, she is back in Tehuana dress in Self-Portrait as a Tehuana (1943) and Self Portrait (1948).

Pre-Columbian artifacts were common both in the Kahlo/Rivera home (Diego collected sculptures and idols, and Frida collected Jewelry) and in Kahlo's paintings. She wore jewelry from this period in Self-Portrait - Time Flies (1926), Self-Portrait With Monkey (1938) and Self-Portrait With Braid (1941), among others. Other Pre-Columbian artifacts are found in The Four Inhabitants of Mexico City (1938), Girl With Death Mask (1938) and Self-Portrait With Small Monkeys (1945).

Surreal or Realist?

Frida Kahlo participated in the "International Exhibition of Surrealism" in 1940 at the Galeria de Arte, Mexicano. There, she exhibited her two largest paintings: The Two Fridas and The Wounded Table (1940). Surrealist Andrew Breton considered Kahlo a surrealistic, a label Kahlo rejected, saying she just painted her reality. However, In 1945, when Don Jose Domingo Lavin asked Frida Kahlo to read the book Moses and Monotheism by Sigmund Freud - whose psychoanalysis works Surrealism is based on - and paint her understanding and interpretation of this book. Frida Kahlo painted Moses, and this painting was recognized as second prize at the annual art exhibition in the Palacio de Bellas Artes.

Kahlo did not sell many paintings in her lifetime, although she painted occasional portraits on commission. She had only one solo exhibition in Mexico in her lifetime, in 1953, just a year before her death at the age of 47.

Today, her works sell for very high prices. In May 2006, Frida Kahlo self-portrait, Roots, was sold for $5.62 million at a Sotheby's auction in New York, sets a record as the most expensive Latin American work ever purchased at auction, and also makes Frida Kahlo one of the highest-selling woman in art.

My painting carries with it the message of pain." - Frida Kahlo

Widely known for her Marxist leanings, Frida, along with Marxism Revolutionary Che Guevara and a small band of contemporary figures, has become a countercultural symbol of the 20th century, and created a legacy in art history that continues to inspire the imagination and mind. Born in 1907, dead at 47, Frida Kahlo achieved celebrity even in her brief lifetime that extended far beyond Mexico's borders, although nothing like the cult status that would eventually make her the mother of the selfie, her indelible image recognizable everywhere.

At the Frida Kahlo Museum in Mexico City, her personal belongings are on display throughout the house, as if she still lived there. Kahlo was born and grew up in this building, whose cobalt walls gave way to the nickname of the Blue House. She lived there with her husband for some years, and she died there. The facility is the most popular museum in the Coyoacan neighborhood and among the most visited in Mexico City.


Beauty is pain

Pauley Perrette is arguably best known for her NCIS character's signature black hair, but like we just mentioned, that's all make believe. The New Orleans-born actress is actually a natural blonde and for years, Perrette dyed her hair black to maintain her character's look. However, in a 2014 interview with Extra, Perrette revealed that she developed an allergy to black hair dye.

Perette also took to Twitter, sharing a few scary photos (one of them is above) of just how bad the reaction got. "I almost died from Black #HairDyeAllergy," Perrette wrote. Later, speaking with CBS News, Perrette revealed that she had a more minor reaction six months earlier when she "broke out into a rash all over her neck and scalp." This time, she said, "The other half of my face had become twice the size of my head."

The solution ended up being something called Elumen, which Perrette tweeted about, describing it as "an ionic infusion of color, not dye. Based on +ionic magnetic charge not dye Only safe one." Why didn't producers just write it into the show that her character becomes a blonde?

"I don't think the world is ready for a blonde Abby. I'm not ready for a blonde Abby," Perrette told Queen Latifah. Now, that's dedication to a role right there.


The Underground Railroad

During the era of slavery, the Underground Railroad was a network of routes, places, and people that helped enslaved people in the American South escape to the North.

Estudos Sociais, História dos EUA

Home of Levi Coffin

The house of American Quaker and abolitionist Levi Coffin, in Cincinnati, Ohio. His home was a stop along the Underground Railroad, a network of routes, places, and people that helped enslaved people escape to the North.

Photography by Cincinnati Museum Center

During the era of slavery, the Underground Railroad was a network of routes, places, and people that helped enslaved people in the American South escape to the North. The name &ldquoUnderground Railroad&rdquo was used metaphorically, not literally. It was not an actual railroad, but it served the same purpose&mdashit transported people long distances. It also did not run underground, but through homes, barns, churches, and businesses. The people who worked for the Underground Railroad had a passion for justice and drive to end the practice of slavery&mdasha drive so strong that they risked their lives and jeopardized their own freedom to help enslaved people escape from bondage and keep them safe along the route.

According to some estimates, between 1810 and 1850, the Underground Railroad helped to guide one hundred thousand enslaved people to freedom. As the network grew, the railroad metaphor stuck. &ldquoConductors&rdquo guided runaway enslaved people from place to place along the routes. The places that sheltered the runaways were referred to as &ldquostations,&rdquo and the people who hid the enslaved people were called &ldquostation masters.&rdquo The fugitives traveling along the routes were called &ldquopassengers,&rdquo and those who had arrived at the safe houses were called &ldquocargo.&rdquo

Contemporary scholarship has shown that most of those who participated in the Underground Railroad largely worked alone, rather than as part of an organized group. There were people from many occupations and income levels, including former enslaved persons. According to historical accounts of the Railroad, conductors often posed as enslaved people and snuck the runaways out of plantations. Due to the danger associated with capture, they conducted much of their activity at night. The conductors and passengers traveled from safe-house to safe-house, often with 16-19 kilometers (10&ndash20 miles) between each stop. Lanterns in the windows welcomed them and promised safety. Patrols seeking to catch enslaved people were frequently hot on their heels.

These images of the Underground Railroad stuck in the minds of the nation, and they captured the hearts of writers, who told suspenseful stories of dark, dangerous passages and dramatic enslaved person escapes. However, historians who study the Railroad struggle to separate truth from myth. A number of prominent historians who have devoted their life&rsquos work to uncover the truths of the Underground Railroad claim that much of the activity was not in fact hidden, but rather, conducted openly and in broad daylight. Eric Foner is one of these historians. He dug deep into the history of the Railroad and found that though a large network did exist that kept its activities secret, the network became so powerful that it extended the limits of its myth. Even so, the Underground Railroad was at the heart of the abolitionist movement. The Railroad heightened divisions between the North and South, which set the stage for the Civil War.

The house of American Quaker and abolitionist Levi Coffin, in Cincinnati, Ohio. His home was a stop along the Underground Railroad, a network of routes, places, and people that helped enslaved people escape to the North.


Ivan Aivazovsky

Ivan Aivazovsky

Иван Айвазовский (Հովհաննես Կոստանդինեսի Հայվազյան - Оганес Гайвазян)

  • Nascer: July 29, 1817 Feodosiya, Crimea, Ukraine
  • Faleceu: May 5, 1900 Feodosiya, Crimea, Ukraine
  • Active Years: 1835 - 1899
  • Nacionalidade:Russian , Armenian
  • Art Movement:Romanticism
  • Painting School:Cimmerian Art School
  • Genre:marina
  • Field:painting , drawing
  • Art institution:Imperial Academy of Arts, Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • Wikipedia:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Aivazovsky

Order Oil Painting reprodução

Throughout his lifetime, Aivazovsky contributed over 6,000 paintings to the art world, ranging from his early landscapes of the Crimean countryside to the seascapes and coastal scenes for which he is most famous. Aivazovsky was especially effective at developing the play of light in his paintings, sometimes applying layers of color to create a transparent quality, a technique for which they are highly admired.

Although he produced many portraits and landscapes, over half of all of Aivazovsky’s paintings are realistic depictions of coastal scenes and seascapes. He is most remembered for his beautifully melodramatic renditions of the seascapes of which he painted the most. Many of his later works depict the painful heartbreak of soldiers at battle or lost at sea, with a soft celestial body taunting of hope from behind the clouds. His artistic technique centers on his ability to render the realistic shimmer of the water against the light of the subject in the painting, be it the full moon, the sunrise, or battleships in flames. Many of his paintings also illustrate his adeptness at filling the sky with light, be it the diffuse light of a full moon through fog, or the orange glow of the sun gleaming through the clouds.

In addition to being the most prolific of Russian Armenian painters, Aivazovsky founded an art school and gallery to engage and educate other artists of the day. He also and built a historical museum in his hometown on Feodosia, Crimea, in addition to beginning the first archaeological expeditions of the same region.

Today, Aivazovsky’s paintings have been auctioned off for millions of dollars and have been printed on postage stamps for Russia, Ukraine, and Armenia. Perhaps it is also to his
lasting legacy that he is said to be one of the most forged of all Russian artists.

Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (Russian: Ива́н Константи́нович Айвазо́вский 29 July 1817 – 2 May 1900) was a Russian Romantic painter who is considered one of the greatest masters of marine art. Baptized as Hovhannes Aivazian, he was born into an Armenian family in the Black Sea port of Feodosia in Crimea and was mostly based there.

Following his education at the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg, Aivazovsky traveled to Europe and lived briefly in Italy in the early 1840s. He then returned to Russia and was appointed the main painter of the Russian Navy. Aivazovsky had close ties with the military and political elite of the Russian Empire and often attended military maneuvers. He was sponsored by the state and was well-regarded during his lifetime. The saying "worthy of Aivazovsky's brush", popularized by Anton Chekhov, was used in Russia for describing something lovely. He remains highly popular in Russia.

One of the most prominent Russian artists of his time, Aivazovsky was also popular outside Russia. He held numerous solo exhibitions in Europe and the United States. During his almost 60-year career, he created around 6,000 paintings, making him one of the most prolific artists of his time. The vast majority of his works are seascapes, but he often depicted battle scenes, Armenian themes, and portraiture. Most of Aivazovsky's works are kept in Russian, Ukrainian and Armenian museums as well as private collections.

Ivan Aivazovsky was born on 17 July (29 in New Style) 1817 in the city of Feodosia (Theodosia), Crimea, Russian Empire. In the baptismal records of the local St. Sargis Armenian Apostolic Church, Aivazovsky was listed as Hovhannes, son of Gevorg Aivazian (Armenian: Գէորգ Այվազեանի որդի Յօհաննեսն). During his study at the Imperial Academy of Arts, he was known in Russian as Ivan Gaivazovsky (Иванъ Гайвазовскій in the pre-1918 spelling). He became known as Aivazovsky since c. 1840, while in Italy. He signed an 1844 letter with the italianized version of his name: Giovani Aivazovsky.

His father, Konstantin, (c. 1765–1840), was an Armenian merchant from the Polish region of Galicia. His family had migrated to Europe from Western Armenia in the 18th century. After numerous familial conflicts, Konstantin left Galicia for Moldavia, later moving to Bukovina, before settling in Feodosia in the early 1800s. He was initially known as Gevorg Aivazian (Haivazian or Haivazi), but he changed his last name to Gaivazovsky by adding the Polish "-sky". Aivazovsky's mother, Ripsime, was a Feodosia Armenian. The couple had five children—three daughters and two sons. Aivazovsky's elder brother, Gabriel, was a prominent historian and an Armenian Apostolic archbishop.

The young Aivazovsky received parochial education at Feodosia's St. Sargis Armenian Church. He was taught drawing by Jacob Koch, a local architect. Aivazovsky moved to Simferopol with Taurida Governor Alexander Kaznacheyev's family in 1830 and attended the city's Russian gymnasium. In 1833, Aivazovsky arrived in the Russian capital, Saint Petersburg, to study at the Imperial Academy of Arts in Maxim Vorobiev's landscape class. In 1835, he was awarded with a silver medal and appointed assistant to the French painter Philippe Tanneur (fr). In September 1836, Aivazovsky met Russia's national poet Alexander Pushkin during the latter's visit to the Academy. In 1837, Aivazovsky joined the battle-painting class of Alexander Sauerweid and participated in Baltic Fleet exercises in the Gulf of Finland. In October 1837, he graduated from the Imperial Academy of Arts with a gold medal, two years earlier than intended. Aivazovsky returned to Feodosia in 1838 and spent two years in his native Crimea. In 1839, he took part in military exercises in the shores of Crimea, where he met Russian admirals Mikhail Lazarev, Pavel Nakhimov and Vladimir Kornilov.

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Comentários:

  1. Bradene

    Você me entende?

  2. Riston

    Na minha opinião, erros são cometidos. Vamos tentar discutir isso. Escreva para mim em PM.

  3. Reid

    Eu posso dizer muito sobre esse ponto.

  4. Kermichil

    eu já tenho



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